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My meteoric rise as a leading NL shortstop was ended by a Mike Torrez beanball in early 1984. I was never the same and was suspended 3 games in 1990 for bumping an umpire.

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Members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame

By Patrick Mondout

There are over 275 members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. The list below includes writers or broadcasters (winners of the Frick and Spink awards) even though they are not deemed worthy by the Hall of Fame as full-fledged members.

Voting by Year

The first balloting by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA) took place before the 1936 season. Voters were allowed to vote for up to 10 players and a player had to be named on at least 75% of submitted ballots to win election. Though that percentage has never changed, the number of votes necessary varies by the number cast. Tom Seaver received the highest percent of the vote in any election (see top 25) with 98.8% in 1992.

When a player has either received less than 5% in an election or has failed in 15 attempts, he is no longer eligible for the BBWAA vote and can only achieve membership through a special committee. Various committees, including the notorious Veterans Committee have elected those not otherwise eligible for the BBWAA vote. An interesting trend in recent years is the 60% Phenomenon. Since 1984, every player who gets at least 60% in an election has eventually been inducted - either by the writers or the Veterans.

One name noticeably missing from the Hall of Fame is Abner Doubleday. Alexander Cartwright is there, but not Doubleday. This is source of embarrassment for the Hall as the Doubleday Myth (which was created by Albert Spalding in 1907 and suggested that the game had been invented in Cooperstown) is the only reason it was ever located in the tiny New York town to begin with. The myth was spotted immediately, but many choose to believe myths rather than less interesting realities.

Learn more about the Baseball Hall of Fame.

If you want to see a player's yearly vote totals, look here by last name:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z

Hall of Fame Inductees by Year
Year BBWAA Veterans/Other Frick Spink
1936 Ty Cobb
Walter Johnson
Christy Mathewson
Babe Ruth
Honus Wagner
1937 Nap Lajoie
Tris Speaker
Cy Young
Connie Mack
George Wright
Morgan Bulkeley
Ban Johnson
John McGraw
1938 Grover Alexander Alexander Cartwright
Henry Chadwick
1939 Eddie Collins
Lou Gehrig*
Willie Keeler
George Sisler
Cap Anson
Charlie Comiskey
Candy Cummings
Buck Ewing
Old Hoss Radbourn
Al Spalding
1940 (None)      
1941 (None)      
1942 Rogers Hornsby      
1943 (None)      
1944 (None) Kenesaw M. Landis    
1945 (None) Roger Bresnahan
Dan Brouthers
Fred Clarke
Jimmy Collins
Ed Delahanty
Hugh Duffy
Hughie Jennings
King Kelly
Jim O'Rourke
Wilbert Robinson
1946 (None) Jesse Burkett
Frank Chance
Jack Chesbro
Johnny Evers
Clark Griffith
Tommy McCarthy
Joe McGinnity
Eddie Plank
Joe Tinker
Rube Waddell
Ed Walsh
1947 Mickey Cochrane
Frankie Frisch
Lefty Grove
Carl Hubbell
1948 Herb Pennock
Pie Traynor
1949 Charlie Gehringer Kid Nichols
Mordecai Brown
1950 (None)      
1951 Jimmie Foxx
Mel Ott
1952 Harry Heilmann
Paul Waner
1953 Dizzy Dean
Al Simmons
Harry Wright
Chief Bender
Tommy Connolly
Bill Klem
Bobby Wallace
Ed Barrow
1954 Bill Dickey
Rabbit Maranville
Bill Terry
1955 Joe DiMaggio
Gabby Hartnett
Ted Lyons
Dazzy Vance
Home Run Baker
Ray Schalk
1956 Joe Cronin
Hank Greenberg
1957 (None) Sam Crawford
Joe McCarthy
1958 (None)      
1959 (None) Zack Wheat    
1960 (None)      
1961 (None) Max Carey
Billy Hamilton
1962 Jackie Robinson
Bob Feller
Bill McKechnie
Edd Roush
1963 (None) John Clarkson
Elmer Flick
Sam Rice
Eppa Rixey
  J.G. Taylor Spink
1964 Luke Appling Red Faber
Burleigh Grimes
Miller Huggins
Tim Keefe
Heinie Manush
Monte Ward
  Ring Lardner
1965 (None) Pud Galvin   Hugh Fullerton
1966 Ted Williams Casey Stengel   Charles Dryden
1967 Red Ruffing Branch Rickey
Lloyd Waner
  Grantland Rice
1968 Joe Medwick Kiki Cuyler
Goose Goslin
  Damon Runyon
1969 Stan Musial
Roy Campanella
Stan Coveleski
Waite Hoyt
  Harry G. Salsinger
1970 Lou Boudreau Earle Combs
Jesse Haines
Ford Frick
  Sid Mercer
1971 (None) Dave Bancroft
Jake Beckley
Chick Hafey
Harry Hooper
Joe Kelley
Rube Marquard
Satchel Paige
George Weiss
  Heywood C. Broun
1972 Yogi Berra
Sandy Koufax
Early Wynn
Lefty Gomez
Ross Youngs
Josh Gibson
Will Harridge
Buck Leonard
  Frank Graham
1973 Roberto Clemente*
Warren Spahn
Billy Evans
Monte Irvin
High Pockets Kelly
Mickey Welch
  Dan Daniel
Fred Lieb
J. Roy Stockton
1974 Mickey Mantle
Whitey Ford
Jim Bottomley
Jocko Conlan
Sam Thompson
Cool Papa Bell
  Warren Brown
John Drebinger
John F. Kieran
1975 Ralph Kiner Earl Averill
Bucky Harris
Billy Herman
Judy Johnson
  John Carmichael
James Isaminger
1976 Bob Lemon
Robin Roberts
Roger Connor
Cal Hubbard
Freddie Lindstrom
Oscar Charleston
  John Carmichael
James Isaminger
1977 Ernie Banks Al Lopez
Amos Rusie
Joe Sewell
Martin Dihigo
Pop Lloyd
  Harold Kaese
Red Smith
1978 Eddie Mathews Addie Joss
Larry MacPhail
Mel Allen
Red Barber
Gordon Cobbledick
Edgar Munzel
1979 Willie Mays Hack Wilson
Warren Giles
Bob Elson Tim Murnane
Dick Young
1980 Al Kaline
Duke Snider
Chuck Klein
Tom Yawkey
Russ Hodges Bob Broeg
Tommy Holmes
1981 Bob Gibson Johnny Mize
Rube Foster
Ernie Harwell Joe Reichler
Milton Richman
1982 Hank Aaron
Frank Robinson
Travis Jackson
Happy Chandler
Vin Scully Allen Lewis
Bob Addie
1983 Juan Marichal
Brooks Robinson
Walter Alston
George Kell
Jack Brickhouse Si Burick
1984 Luis Aparicio
Harmon Killebrew
Don Drysdale
Rick Ferrell
Pee Wee Reese
Curt Gowdy Ken Smith
1985 Lou Brock
Hoyt Wilhelm
Enos Slaughter
Arky Vaughan
Buck Canel Joe McGuff
1986 Willie McCovey Bobby Doerr
Ernie Lombardi
Bob Prince Earl Lawson
1987 Catfish Hunter
Billy Williams
Ray Dandridge Jack Buck Jack Lang
1988 Willie Stargell   Lindsey Nelson Jim Murray
1989 Johnny Bench
Carl Yastrzemski
Al Barlick
Red Schoendienst
Harry Caray Bob Hunter
Ray Kelly
1990 Joe Morgan
Jim Palmer
  By Saam Jerome Holtzman
1991 Rod Carew
Fergie Jenkins
Gaylord Perry
Tony Lazzeri
Bill Veeck
Joe Garagiola Phil Collier
1992 Rollie Fingers
Tom Seaver
Bill McGowan
Hal Newhouser
Milo Hamilton Ritter Collett
1993 Reggie Jackson   Chuck Thompson Leonard Koppett
Bus Saidt
1994 Steve Carlton Phil Rizzuto
Leo Durocher
Bob Murphy Wendell Smith
1995 Mike Schmidt Richie Ashburn
Vic Willis
Leon Day
William Hulbert
Bob Wolff (None)
1996 (None) Earl Weaver
Ned Hanlon
Bill Foster
Jim Bunning
Herb Carneal Joseph Durso
1997 Phil Niekro Nellie Fox
Tom Lasorda
Willie Wells
Jimmy Dudley Charley Feeney
1998 Don Sutton George Davis
Larry Doby
Lee MacPhail
Joe Rogan
Jaime Jarrin Sam Lacy
1999 George Brett
Nolan Ryan
Robin Yount
Orlando Cepeda
Nestor Chylak
Joe Williams
Frank Selee
Arch McDonald Bob Stevens
2000 Carlton Fisk
Tony Perez
Sparky Anderson
Bid McPhee
Turkey Stearnes
Marty Brennaman Hal Lebovitz
2001 Kirby Puckett
Dave Winfield
Bill Mazeroski
Hilton Smith
Felo Ramirez Ross Newhan
2002 Ozzie Smith   Harry Kalas Joe Falls
2003 Eddie Murray
Gary Carter
  Bob Uecker Hal McCoy
2004 Dennis Eckersley
Paul Molitor
  Lon Simmons Murray Chass
2005 Wade Boggs
Ryne Sandberg
  Jerry Coleman Peter Gammons
2006 Bruce Sutter Ray Brown
Willard Brown
Andy Cooper
Frank Grant
Pete Hill 
Biz Mackey
Effa Manley
José Méndez
Alex Pompez
Cum Posey
Louis Santop 
Mule Suttles
Ben Taylor
Cristobal Torriente
Sol White
J.L. Wilkinson
Jud Wilson
Gene Elston Tracy Ringolsby

* denotes special election

Hall of Fame References

Baseball's Hall of Fame: Cooperstown--Where the Legends Live Forever by Lowell Reidenbaugh
A Legend for the Legendary: The Origin of the Baseball Hall of Fame by James A. Vlasich
The Politics Of Glory, How Baseball Hall Of Fame Really Works by Bill James
Whatever Happened To The Hall Of Fame? by Bill James

Out by a Step: The 100 Best Players Not in the Baseball Hall of Fame
by Mike Shalin
Total Baseball: The Ultimate Baseball Encyclopedia
by John Thorn, et al.
2006 ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia by Gary Gillette (Editor), Pete Palmer (Editor).

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--Patrick Mondout



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