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1948 Hall of Fame Results

By Wikipedia

Herb Pennock and Pie Traynor were voted into National Baseball Hall of Fame by the writers for 1948.

Voting by Year

The 1948 election to select inductees to the Baseball Hall of Fame proceeded using the same rules as the highly successful election one year earlier, with the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA) again authorized to elect players retired less than 25 years.

But again, the Hall of Fame Committee did not meet in 1948 to make further selections from among the players who retired before 1923, or to add names to the Roll of Honor, causing the renewal of criticism that earlier players, as well as managers and other non-playing candidates, were being overlooked.

The 10-year members of the BBWAA had the authority to select any players active in 1923 or later, provided they had been retired since 1946. Voters were instructed to cast votes for 10 candidates; any candidate receiving votes on at least 75% of the ballots would be honored with induction to the Hall. If no candidate received votes on 75% of the ballots, the top 20 candidates would advance to a runoff election, with the vote totals from the first ballot not being revealed until the runoff was over.

A total of 121 ballots were cast - the lowest total for any BBWAA election - with 1036 individual votes for 106 specific candidates; 91 votes were required for election. The results were announced on February 27, 1948. The election was a success for the second year in a row following the most recent format change, with two more inductees to the Hall being selected; again, no runoff was necessary. Herb Pennock, who received the most votes and was elected, had died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage just weeks earlier on January 30; he had done increasingly well in previous elections, and many ballots had already been cast, making it unclear if his election was primarily due to sentiment (he made it in with only three votes to spare).

The number of players receiving votes (106) was a significant increase over the previous year's total of 39, and the highest number since the 1939 election. After the 1947 election in which voters had just a few weeks to select candidates following the disqualification of players retired over 25 years, voters in 1948 had a full year in which to look for candidates who had retired between 1923 and 1946, and a wide variety of new candidates drew votes. 80 of those named received votes on less than 5% of the ballots, with 36 receiving only a single vote; 45 players were named for the first time, although all had been eligible at some point in the past - for some, the 1936 election in which active players were eligible. All but 3 of the eligible candidates who received any votes in the 1947 election were again named in the voting.

As had been the case in 1947, the focus was now on the most recent players; those who retired in the 1920s generally saw their vote totals decrease from the previous year, while more recent players advanced even further in the voting. Due to the scarcity of precise historical records, some voters may have refrained from voting for players of the 1920s due to uncertainty as to their eligibility. Only 5 of the top 30 candidates, and none of the top 14, had retired before 1931. Of the 106 players named, 29 retired before 1930; they received only 12% of the vote. These totals include eight ineligible players who retired before 1923 - including Johnny Kling, retired since 1913 - who nevertheless received 23 votes; this may have been due to uncertainty as to their retirement date, or perhaps as a voter response to the lack of any selections by the Old-Timers Committee the previous year. Votes for notable managers such as Miller Huggins increased, perhaps also in response to the lack of 1947 honors in that area.

Chief Bender, who last played regularly in 1917, received 5 votes; he was technically eligible due to a single inning pitched in 1925, but the drop from his 1947 total of 72 votes suggests either that most voters were unaware of that fact or that they viewed it as irrelevant regarding the spirit of the rules. Dizzy Dean, who finished 8th in the 1947 balloting with 88 votes, had come out of retirement to start one game in 1947; nevertheless, 40 votes were cast for him by those who felt that this single appearance should not affect his retired status and eligibility. Four other players who made their last major league appearances in 1947, including Red Ruffing and Stan Hack, got a handful of votes; Joe Medwick, still active, received one vote.

The induction ceremony in Cooperstown was not held until the following year, on July 12, 1949, with inductee Pie Traynor present.

Votes by members of the BBWAA were tabulated by the National Baseball Hall of Fame. At least 91 votes were needed to be elected. (Winners in bold.)

Herb Pennock 94 77.7% P 9th
Pie Traynor 93 76.9% P 9th
Al Simmons 60 49.6% P 4th
Charlie Gehringer 52 43.0% P 6th
Bill Terry 52 43.0% P 8th
Paul Waner 51 42.1% P 2nd
Jimmie Foxx 50 41.3% P 4th
Dizzy Dean 40 33.1% P 6th
Harry Heilmann 40 33.1% P 8th
Bill Dickey 39 32.2% P 4th
Rabbit Maranville 38 31.4% P 9th
Gabby Hartnett 33 27.3% P 5th
Joe Cronin 25 20.7% P 2nd
Dazzy Vance 23 19.0% P 9th
Ray Schalk 22 18.2% P 9th
Tony Lazzeri 21 17.4% P 3rd
Ross Youngs 19 15.7% P 9th
Edd Roush 17 14.0% P 9th
Lefty Gomez 16 13.2% P 4th
Ted Lyons 15 12.4% P 3rd
Zack Wheat 15 12.4% P 8th
Max Carey 9 7.4% P 5th
Jimmie Wilson 8 6.6% P 1st
Burleigh Grimes 7 5.8% P 4th
Waite Hoyt 7 5.8% P 4th
Pepper Martin 7 5.8% P 4th
Earle Combs 6 5.0% P 5th
Charlie Grimm 6 5.0% P 4th
Rube Marquard 6 5.0% P 7th
Bob Meusel 6 5.0% P 4th
Chief Bender 5 4.1% P 10th
Jimmie Dykes 5 4.1% P 1st
Travis Jackson 5 4.1% P 1st
Stuffy McInnis 5 4.1% P 4th
Eppa Rixey 5 4.1% P 5th
Joe Wood 5 4.1% P 7th
Babe Adams 4 3.3% P 8th
Frank Baker 4 3.3% P 10th
Dave Bancroft 4 3.3% P 5th
Jim Bottomley 4 3.3% P 1st
Miller Huggins 4 3.3% M 8th
Lefty O'Doul 4 3.3% P 1st
Red Ruffing 4 3.3% P 1st
Kiki Cuyler 3 2.5% P 1st
Joe Dugan 3 2.5% P 3rd
George Earnshaw 3 2.5% P 1st
Red Faber 3 2.5% P 5th
Art Fletcher 3 2.5% P 5th
Hank Gowdy 3 2.5% P 7th
Bucky Harris 3 2.5% M 3rd
Chuck Klein 3 2.5% P 1st
Eddie Rommel 3 2.5% P 1st
Charley Root 3 2.5% P 2nd
Everett Scott 3 2.5% P 6th
Ossie Bluege 2 1.7% P 1st
Jack Coombs 2 1.7% P 4th
Wilbur Cooper 2 1.7% P 3rd
Stan Coveleski 2 1.7% P 2nd
Freddie Fitzsimmons 2 1.7% P 1st
Stan Hack 2 1.7% P 1st
Jesse Haines 2 1.7% P 3rd
Babe Herman 2 1.7% P 2nd
Harry Hooper 2 1.7% P 4th
George Kelly 2 1.7% P 2nd
Johnny Kling 2 1.7% P 8th
Steve O'Neill 2 1.7% P 1st
Jack Quinn 2 1.7% P 1st
Al Schacht 2 1.7% P 2nd
Hack Wilson 2 1.7% P 4th
Glenn Wright 2 1.7% P 1st
Dick Bartell 1 0.8% P 1st
Carson Bigbee 1 0.8% P 1st
Leon Cadore 1 0.8% P 1st
Dolph Camilli 1 0.8% P 1st
Spud Davis 1 0.8% P 1st
Paul Derringer 1 0.8% P 1st
Leo Durocher 1 0.8% M 1st
Wes Ferrell 1 0.8% P 1st
Lew Fonseca 1 0.8% P 1st
Goose Goslin 1 0.8% P 1st
Heinie Groh 1 0.8% P 4th
Chick Hafey 1 0.8% P 1st
Bill Hallahan 1 0.8% P 1st
Billy Herman 1 0.8% P 1st
Bob Johnson 1 0.8% P 1st
Ray Kremer 1 0.8% P 1st
Heinie Manush 1 0.8% P 1st
Joe Medwick 1 0.8% P 1st
Dots Miller 1 0.8% P 1st
Hugh Mulcahy 1 0.8% P 1st
Van Mungo 1 0.8% P 2nd
Joe Oeschger 1 0.8% P 1st
Sam Rice 1 0.8% P 2nd
Wally Schang 1 0.8% P 1st
Hal Schumacher 1 0.8% P 1st
George Selkirk 1 0.8% P 1st
Hank Severeid 1 0.8% P 1st
Joe Sewell 1 0.8% P 2nd
Luke Sewell 1 0.8% P 1st
Bill Sherdel 1 0.8% P 1st
Urban Shocker 1 0.8% P 3rd
Earl Smith 1 0.8% P 1st
Sherry Smith 1 0.8% P 1st
Casey Stengel 1 0.8% M 4th
Sam West 1 0.8% P 1st
Cy Williams 1 0.8% P 3rd

Source: National Baseball Hall of Fame. Special thanks to Keith Hemmelman for compiling the data.

Hall of Fame References

Baseball's Hall of Fame: Cooperstown--Where the Legends Live Forever by Lowell Reidenbaugh
A Legend for the Legendary: The Origin of the Baseball Hall of Fame by James A. Vlasich
The Politics Of Glory, How Baseball Hall Of Fame Really Works by Bill James
Whatever Happened To The Hall Of Fame? by Bill James

Out by a Step: The 100 Best Players Not in the Baseball Hall of Fame
by Mike Shalin
Total Baseball: The Ultimate Baseball Encyclopedia
by John Thorn, et al.
2006 ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia by Gary Gillette (Editor), Pete Palmer (Editor).

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Herb Pennock as seen on his 1933 Goudy baseball card.

Total ballots cast: 121

Ballots necessary for election: 91

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