This month's Bonus
of the Month are the Beadle's Dime Base Ball Player for
1860 and 1867 edited by Henry
Chadwick. (We are republishing both the 1860
and 1867 guides. This is the 1867 version.)
The earliest and one of the most valuable is Beadle's Dime Base-Ball
Manual for 1860. The book was an instant success, selling a reported
50,000 copies and leading to annual editions up to 1881. You can read
more about the Beadle guides here.
These were the first baseball guides and this one covers the sport in
its second great growth stage (the first was interrupted by the Civil
To make it somewhat easier to view, we have published it on two web
pages. You are on the first.
Everything from the original book is included minus a few ads and a few
images have been added. As always we will point out any obvious factual
errors in the text and have corrected minor textual errors. To avoid
confusion, commentary we add to the text is enclosed by double brackets
and in color like this: [[BaseballChronology
is a sample.]]
Proceedings of the
TENTH ANNUAL BASE-BALL CONVENTION,
Together with the
Amended Rules Adopted,
Rules for the Formation of Clubs;
Constitution and By-Laws of the National Association.
Base-Ball averages for 1866
EDITED BY HENRY CHADWICK
BEADLE and COMPANY, PUBLISHERS.
118 WILLIAM ST.
BaseballChronology.com Edition: 2008.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in
the year 1867,
Beadle and Company
In the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the United States for
the Southern District of New York.
Our Annual Edition of the DIME BASE-BALL PLAYER for 1867 is the sixth
of the annual series of issues, the whole edition published since the
first copy was printed reaching over fifty-thousand. It has now become
the text-book for ball-players, and presents to the fraternity what no
other work published does, viz.: the averages of the play of the principal
clubs for each season, thus making it a valuable book for future
invigorating exercise and manly pastime may now be justly termed the
American Game of Ball, for though of English origin, it has been so
modified and improved of late years in this country, as almost to deprive
it of any of its original features beyond the mere groundwork of the game.
As we propose briefly to note the progress of Base Ball from its origin,
we deem it appropriate to introduce the rules for playing the English Game
of Rounders, from which Base Ball is derived. We therefore quote as
follows from an English work on out-door sports:
Rounders.—This game is played with a ball and bats, or sticks
something of the form of a policeman’s truncheon. A hole is first made,
about a foot across and half a foot deep. Four other stations are marked
with pegs stuck into the ground, topped with a piece of paper, so as to be
readily seen. Sides are then chosen, one of which goes in. There may be
five or more players on each side. Suppose that there are five. One
player, on the side that is out, stands in the middle of the five-sided
space, and pitches the ball toward the hole. He is called the feeder. The
batsman hits it off, if he can; in which case he drops the stick, and runs
to the nearest station, thence to the third, and all round if the hit has
been a far one. The other side are scouting, and trying to put him out,
either by hitting the batsman as he is running, or by sending the ball
into the hole, which is called “grounding.” The player at the hole may
decline to strike the ball, but if he hits at it, and misses twice
running, he is out. When a player makes the round of the stations back to
the hole, his side counts one toward the game. When all the players are
out, either by being hit or the ball being grounded, the other side get
their innings. When there are only two players left, a chance is given of
prolonging the innings, by one of them getting three balls from the
feeder; and if he can give a hit such as to enable him to run the whole
round, all his side come in again, and the counting is resumed. The feeder
is generally the best player on his side, much depending on his skill and
art. The scouts should seldom aim at the runners from a distance, but
throw the ball up to the feeder or to some one near, who will try to hit
or to ground, as seems the most advisable. A caught ball also puts the
The above is a very simple game, and one designed only for relaxation
during the intervals from study in schools, and is entirely devoid of the
manly features that characterize Base Ball as played in this country. Boys
and even girls can play Rounders without difficulty; but Base Ball, to be
played thoroughly, requires the possession of muscular strength, great
agility, quickness of eye, readiness of hand, and many other faculties of
mind and body that mark the man of nerve.
But it is needless further to comment on the meritorious features of
our American game, suffice it to say that it is a recreation that any one
may be proud to excel in, as in order to do so, he must possess the
characteristics of true manhood to a considerable degree.
The history of Base Ball commences at a date
anterior to the one we propose to start from: but our present purpose will
be fully answered by tracing its progress from the organization of the Knickerbocker
Club of New York, which started into existence in the autumn of 1845.
There was a Club called the New York Club, which existed before the
Knickerbocker, but we shall not be far wrong if we award to the latter
club the honor of being the pioneer of the present game of Base Ball.
Before the organization of the Knickerbocker Club, the rule of play, in
reference to putting a player out with the ball, was to throw it at him;
but one or two severe accidents occurred from the practice of this plan,
and the rules were changed to those placing men on each base, and making
it requisite for a player to be touched by the ball while in the hands of
an adversary. This latter rule was the first innovation on the primitive
rules of the game familiar to every school-boy in the Eastern and Middle
States. The following are the first regular rules of Base Ball we have any
record of. They are those adopted by the Knickerbocker Club in 1845, and
by which-with one or two exceptions-they played up to the period of the
first convention of Base Ball players
SECTION 1. The bases shall be from “Home” to second base 42 paces;
from first to third base 42 paces equidistant.
SECTION 2. The game to consist of 21 counts or aces, but at the
conclusion an equal number of hands must be played.
SECTION 3. The ball must be pitched and not thrown for the bat.
SECTION 4. A ball knocked outside the range of the first or third base
SECTION 5. Three balls being struck at and missed, and the last one
caught, is a hand out; if not caught, is considered fair, and the striker
bound to run.
SECTION 6. A ball being struck or tipped, and caught either flying or
on the first bound, is a hand out.
SECTION 7. A player, running the bases, shall be out, if the ball is in
the hands of an adversary on the base, as the runner is touched by it
before he makes his base-it being understood, however, that in no instance
is a ball to thrown at him.
SECTION 8. A player running, who shall prevent an adversary from
catching or getting the ball before making his base, is a hand out.
SECTION 9. If two hands are already out, a player running home at the
time a ball is struck, can not make an ace if the striker is caught out.
SECTION 10. Three hands out, all out.
SECTION 11. Players must take their strike in regular turn.
SECTION 12. No ace or base can be made on a foul strike.
SECTION 13. A runner can not be put out in making one base, when a
baulk is made by the pitcher.
SECTION 14. But one base allowed when the ball bounds out of the field
It will be at once perceptible to all who will contrast the above rules
with those at present in force, that the game of Base Ball at that period,
was not to be compared to the systematic and, to a certain extent,
scientific game that is now such an attractive feature of our American
sports and pastimes.
The example afforded by the successful operation of the Knickerbocker
Club, was soon followed by the formation of others, and in the course of a
few years the Gotham, Eagle, and Empire clubs successively appeared on the
ball ground at Hoboken, as competitors for the enviable notoriety the
Knickerbockers had by that time attained by means of the many interesting
contest they had inaugurated. The Gotham Club was the next organization to
that of the Knickerbocker, and the senior members of many of the clubs now
in existence will doubtless long remember the interest and excitement
attendant upon the prominent contests between these rival clubs. In fact,
it is to this source, in connection with the many attractive features of
the game itself, that we may mainly attribute its rapid progress in
popularity; for it is well known that where a lively, well-contested, and
exciting game is in progress, there will ever be found crowds of
interested spectators. We at first designed giving the scores of several
of the most prominent of these matches, but we find that such a course
will require far more space than we propose occupying in a work like this,
which is intended more as a compendium of Base Ball rather than a complete
and comprehensive work on the subject. We, therefore, continue our brief
reference to the points of special interest in the history of the game, by
giving the date of organization of each club that now belong to the
National Association, up to the time of the
first Convention of Base-Ball Players, which was held in New York, in
As will be seen from the above record, the years 1855
and 1856 were prolific of new clubs,
and, of course, a great number of exciting contests took place, the result
of which was the creation of a thorough furore for the game, and
the manifestation of a great degree of interest in the welfare and
progress of this manly pastime, by the rapidly increasing numbers of the
advocates of out-door sports.
At the close of the season of 1856, a review of the many contests that
had taken place, led to the knowledge of the benefit that would accrue to
the game, if a proper revision of the rules were to be had, and a new code
established. After several preliminary meetings had been held by the
prominent clubs among themselves, it was decided to call a convention of
delegates from each of the clubs, for the purpose of establishing a
permanent code of rules by which all could, in future, be governed. In
pursuance of this resolve, a call, signed by the officers of the
Knickerbocker Club-as the senior organization of the kind, was issued, and
the ultimate result was the assembling of the delegates to the first
Convention of Base-Ball Players, which convention was held in New York
City, in May, 1857.
At this convention a series of rules and regulations were adopted, by
which the various clubs, who were represented in the convention, were
governed during the season of 1857. In March, 1858,
the second convention was
held, and at this meeting the annual convention was declared a
permanent organization, and the requisite constitution and by-laws having
been formed, the “NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
OF BASE-BALL PLAYERS” sprang into existence, and commenced its
useful career, which has thus far been one as beneficial to the interests
of the game, as it has been creditable to its respective members.
The first annual meeting of this Association was held at the Cooper
Institute, March 9, 1859, at which
convention the rules and regulations were again revised and amended, in
accordance with the improvements the experience of the previous season’s
play had rendered necessary. The officers of the Association, too, were
re-elected. It was at this convention that the abolition of the custom of
furnishing refreshments on the occasion of matches, was unanimously
recommended. This custom, which originated in a desire to promote friendly
intercourse between the members of the several clubs, had degenerated into
one, seriously detrimental to the interests of the game, owing to the
spirit of emulation that arose among the clubs, each aspiring to excel
each other in the expense and splendor of these entertainments. It almost
led to the dismemberment of three or four of the leading clubs, and the
abolishing of the custom was as desirable as it was prudent. Since then it
has never exceeded the bounds of moderation, and therefore has lost all
its objectionable features.
For the benefit of those clubs desirous of belonging to the National
Association-as all should that have the interest and welfare of the game
at heart-we present the following articles of the Constitution which refer
to the admission of clubs, etc. We would premise that the objects of the
Association are to improve, foster, and perpetuate the American game of
Base Ball, and the cultivation of kindly feelings among the different
members of Base-Ball Clubs.
ARTICLE 3, SECTION 1, of the Constitution reads as follows: This
Association shall be composed of two delegates from each of the Base-Ball
Clubs which have been duly admitted to a representation in the Convention
forming this Constitution, and from each of the clubs (or the State
Base-Ball Associations) which may be admitted to a representation in the
manner hereinafter provided.
SECTION 2. Any Base-Ball Club desiring to be represented in this
Association, shall present to the Recording Secretary, at least
thirty days previous to the annual meeting of this Association (which
takes place the second Wednesday in December of each year), a written
application, signed by its President and Secretary, setting forth the name
of the club, date of its organization, days and places of playing, names
of its officers and delegates, and the number of members composing it,
which shall be immediately submitted to the Committee on Nominations; but
no such application shall be received by said Secretary unless presented
thirty days previous to the annual meeting. Said Committee shall,
thereupon, ascertain the condition, character, and standing of such club,
and report the same to the annual meeting, together with the said
application, and their written opinion thereon; and a ballot shall
thereupon be had at such meeting for the admission of such club, when, if
two-thirds of the members present vote in favor thereof, such club shall
be declared duly entitled to representation in this Association. Any
informality or irregularity in the form or substance of the application,
may be waived by a two-third vote of the members present at the annual
SECTION 3. No club shall be represented in this Association, unless it
be composed of at least eighteen active members, or by any delegate under
twenty-one years of age; nor shall any club be so represented until its
delegates have paid the fee hereafter designated. (The fees are five
dollars initiation fee and two dollars annual dues.)
It is also requisite that delegates have certificates of their
election, signed by the President and Secretary of the club they
ARTICLE 8. No club, now a member of this Association, which shall admit
or retain a person, as a member, thereof, who has been guilty of the
reprehensible conduct of conspiring with any person or persons to cause,
or who shall by any contrivance, bargain or overt act, cause the loss of a
match gain of ball in which he is or may be one of the contestants, either
previous to or during the progress of such game of ball, for money, place,
position, emolument, or any consideration of any nature whatever, shall be
entitled to continue a member at this Association, or be admitted to
membership thereof; and no new club shall be admitted to membership
therein which has among its members any one who has been convicted of any
such action; and no match game shall be played by any club belonging to
this Association with any club which has or may have at any time any such
person or persons among its members, under penalty of forfeiture of
membership to the Association of Base-Ball Players. By the following
section also it will be seen that clubs can become probationary members of
SECTION 5. Any club or State Association, organized after the
adjournment of the annual meeting of this Association, may be elected
probationary members thereof-after conforming to the requirements of
Sections 2d, 3d and 4th-by the Nominating Committee. They shall be subject
to the payment of dues and assessments, and be eligible to all the
privileges of regular members of the Association until the next annual
meeting, at which time they must be duly elected in the same manner as all
[This is a very important amendment and will be of great advantage to
clubs formed in the spring.]
RULES AND REGULATIONS
ADOPTED BY THE
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BASE BALL PLAYERS,
Held in New York, December 12, 1866.
[N. B.—Amendments in italic.]
SECTION 1. The ball must weigh not less than five and one- half, nor
more than five and three-fourths ounces, avoirdupois. It must measure not
less than nine and one-half, nor more than nine, and three-fourths inches
in circumference. It must be composed of India-rubber and yarn, and
covered with leather, and, in all match games, shall be furnished by the
challenging club, and become the property of the winning club as a trophy
SEC. 2. The bat must be round, and must not exceed two and a half
inches in diameter in the thickest part. It must be made of wood, and may
be of any length to suit the striker.
SEC. 3. The bases must be four in number, placed at equal distances
from each other, and securely fastened upon each corner of a square, whose
sides are respectively thirty yards. They must be so constructed as to be
distinctly seen by the umpire and must cover a space equal to one square
foot of surface. The first, second and third bases shall be canvas-bags,
painted white, and filled with some soft material; the home base and
pitcher's point to be each marked by a flat circular iron plate, painted
or enameled white.
SEC. 4. The base from which the ball is struck shall be designated the
Home Base, and must be directly opposite to the second base; the first
base must always be that upon the right-hand, and the third base that upon
the left-hand side of the striker, when occupying his position at the Home
Base. And in all match games, a line connecting the home and first base
and the home and third base, shall be marked by the use of chalk, or other
suitable material, so as to be distinctly seen by the umpire.
SEC. 5. The pitcher's position shall be designated by two lines, two
yards in length drawn at right angles to a line from home to second base,
having their centers upon that line at two fixed iron plates, placed at
points fifteen and sixteen and one third yards distant from the home base.
The pitcher must stand within the lines, and must deliver the ball as near
as possible over the center of the home base, and fairly for the
SEC. 6. Should the pitcher repeatedly fail to
deliver to the striker fair balls, for the apparent purpose of delaying
the game or for any cause, the umpire, after warning him, shall call one
ball, and if the pitcher persists in such action, two and three balls;
when three balls shall have been called, the striker shall take the first
base; and should any base be occupied at that time, each player occupying
it or them shall take one base without being put out. All balls
delivered by the pitcher, striking the ground in front of the home base,
or pitched, striking the batsman, or pitched to the side opposite to that
which the batsman strikes from, shall be considered unfair balls.
SEC. 7. The ball must be pitched, not jerked or thrown, to the bat; and
whenever the pitcher moves with the apparent purpose or pretension to
deliver the ball, he shall so deliver it, and must have neither foot in
advance of the front line or off the ground at the time of delivering the
ball; and if he fails in either of these particulars, then it shall be
declared a balk. The ball shall be considered jerked, in the meaning of
the rule if the pitcher's arm touches his person when the arm is swung
forward to deliver the ball; and it shall be regarded as a throw if the
arm be bent at the elbow, at an angle from the body, or horizontally from
the shoulder, when it is swung forward to deliver the ball A pitched ball
is one delivered with the arm straight, and swinging perpendicularly and
free from the body.
SEC. 8. When a balk is made by the pitcher, every
player running the bases is entitled to one base, without being put out.
[The striker can not take a base, on a balk, as he is not considered a
"player running the bases" until he has struck a fair ball, and
a balked ball is not a fair ball.]
notes withing [brackets] were Chadwick's and not officially part of the
SEC. 9. The striker shall be considered a player running the bases
as soon as he has struck a fair ball.
SEC. 10. Any ball, delivered by the pitcher, on which a balk or a
ball has been called, shall be concerned dead and not in play until it has
been settled in the hands of the pitcher, while he stands within the lines
of his position; and no such ball, if hit, shall put the striker out.
[Both of the above are new sections.]
SEC. 11. If the ball, from a stroke of the bat, first touches the
ground, the person of a player, or any other object, behind the range of
home and the first base, or home and the third base, it shall be termed
foul, and must be so declared by the umpire, unasked. If the ball first
touches the ground, either upon, or in front of the range of those bases,
it shall be considered fair.
SEC. 12. A player making the home base shall be entitled to score one
SEC. 13. If three balls are struck at, and missed, and the last one is
not caught, either flying or upon the first bound, it shall be considered
fair, and the striker must attempt to make his run.
SEC. 14. The striker is out if a foul ball is caught, either before
touching the ground or upon the first bound.
SEC. 15. Or, if three balls are struck at and missed, and the last is
caught, either before touching the ground, or upon the first bound; provided
the balls struck at are not those on which the balls or balks have been
called; or not those struck at for the purpose of willfully striking out.
SEC. 16. Or, if a fair ball is struck, and the ball is caught without
having touched the ground.
SEC. 17. Or, if a fair ball is struck, and the ball
is held by an adversary on first base, before the striker touches that
SEC. 18. Any player running the bases is out, if at
any time he is touched by the ball while in play in the hands of an
adversary without some part of his person being on the base.
SEC. 19. No run or base can be made upon a
foul ball; such a ball shall, be considered dead, and not in play until it
shall first have been settled in the hands of the pitcher. In such cases,
players running bases shall return to them, and maybe put out in so
returning, in the same manner as when running to the first base.
SEC. 20. No run or base can be made when a fair ball has been
caught without having touched the ground; such a ball shall be considered
alive and in play. In such case, players running the bases shall return to
them, and may be put out in so returning, in the same manner as when
running to first base; but players, when balls are so caught may run their
bases immediately after the ball has been settled in the hands of the
player catching it.
SEC. 21. The striker, when in the act of striking, shall not step
forward or backward, but must stand on a line drawn through the center
of the home base, not exceeding in length three feet from either side
thereof, and parallel with the line occupied by the pitcher. He shall be
considered the striker until he has struck a fair ball. Players
must strike in regular rotation, and, after the first innings is played,
the turn commences with the player who stands on the list next to the one
who lost the third hand.
SEC. 22. Players must take their bases in the order
of striking; and when a fair ball is struck, and not caught flying, the
first base must be vacated, as also the second and third bases, If they
are occupied at the same time. Players may be put out on any base, under
these circumstances, in the same manner as when running to the first base.
SEC. 23. Players running bases must touch them; and so far as possible,
keep upon the direct line between them; and must touch them in the
following order: first, second, third and home; and if returning must
reverse this order; and should any player run three feet out of this line,
for the purpose of avoiding the ball in the hands of an adversary, he
shall be declared out.
[A player failing to touch his base must be declared out—after an
appeal—unless he can return to the base before he is touched.]
SEC. 24. Any player, who shall intentionally prevent an adversary from
catching or fielding the ball, shall be declared out.
SEC. 25. If the player is prevented from making a base, by the
intentional obstruction of an adversary, he shall be entitled to that
base, and not be put out.
SEC. 26. If an adversary stops the ball with his hat or cap, or if a
ball be stopped by any person not engaged in the game, or if it be taken
from the hands of any one not engaged in the game, no player can be put
out unless the ball shall first have been settled in the hands of the
pitcher, while he stands within the lines of his position.
SEC. 27. If a ball from the stroke of a bat is held under any other
circumstances than as enumerated in Section 22, and without having touched
the ground, the striker is out.
SEC. 28. If two hands are already out, no player running home at the
time the ball is struck, can make a run to count in the score of the game
if the striker is put out by a fair catch, by being touched between
home and first base, or by the ball being held by an adversary on the
first base, before the batsman reaches it.
SEC. 29. An innings must be concluded at the time the third hand is put
SEC. 30. The game shall consist of nine innings to each side, when,
should the number of runs be equal, the play shall be continued until a
majority of runs upon an equal number of innings shall be declared, which
shall conclude the game.
SEC. 31. In playing all matches, nine players from each club shall
constitute a full field, and they must have been regular members of the
club which they represent, and no other club, either in or out of the
National Association, for thirty days immediately prior to the match.
Position players and choice of innings shall be determined by captains
previously appointed for that purpose by the respective clubs.
[This rule, of course, excludes players belonging to Junior clubs' from
taking part in Senior club matches and likewise excludes players belonging
to any Base-Ball club.]
SEC. 32. The umpire shall take care that the regulations respecting the
ball, bats, bases, and the pitcher's and strikers position are strictly
observed. He shall be he judge of fair and unfair play, and shall
determine all disputes and differences which may occur during the game; he
shall take special care to declare all foul balls and balks immediately
upon their occurrence, and when a player is put out, in what position
and manner, unasked, in a distinct and audible manner. He shall, in
every instance, before leaving the ground, declare the winning club, and
shall record his decision in the books of the scorers.
SEC. 33. In all matches, the umpire shall be selected by the captains
of the respective sides, and shall perform all the duties enumerated in
Section 32, except recording the game, which shall be done by two scorers,
one of whom shall be appointed by each of the contending clubs.
SEC. 34. No person engaged in a match, either as umpire, scorer or
player, shall be either directly or indirectly interested in any bet upon
the game. Neither umpire, scorer, nor player shall be changed during a
match, unless with the consent of both parties, except for reason of
illness or injury, or for a violation of this law, and then the umpire
may dismiss any transgressors.
SEC. 35. The umpire in any match shall determine when play shall be
suspended, and if the game can not be concluded it shall be decided by the
last even innings, provided five innings have been played; and the party
having the greatest number of runs shall be declared the winner.
SEC. 36. Clubs may adopt such rules respecting balls knocked beyond or
outside the bounds of thee field, as the circumstances of the ground may
demand; and these rules shall govern all matches played upon the ground,
provided that they are distinctly made known to every player and umpire
previous to the commencement of the game.
SEC. 37. No person shall be permitted to approach or to speak with the
umpire, scorers, or players, or in any manner to interrupt or interfere
during the progress of the game unless by special request of the umpire.
SEC. 38. No person shall be permitted to act as umpire or scorer in any
match, unless he shall be a member of a Base-Ball Club governed by these
SEC. 39. Whenever a match shall have been determined upon between two
clubs, play shall be called at the exact hour appointed; and should either
party fail to produce their players within thirty minutes thereafter, the
party so failing shall admit a defeat and shall deliver the ball before
leaving the ground; which ball must be removed by the club who are ready
to play, and the game shall be considered as won, and so forfeited in the
list of matches played; and the winning club shall be entitled to a score
of nine runs for any game so forfeited unless the delinquent side fail to
play on account of the recent death of one of its members, and sufficient
time has not elapsed to enable them to give their opponents due notice
before arriving on the ground.
SEC. 40. Any match game played by any club in contravention of the
rules adopted by this Association, shall be considered null and void, and
shall not be counted in the list of match games won or lost, unless a game
be delayed by rain beyond the time appointed to commence the same. Any
match game can be put off by mutual consent of the parties about engaging
in the game. No match game shall be commenced in the rain.
SEC. 41 No person who all all be in arrears to any other club or shall
at any time receive compensation for his services as a player shall be
competent to play in any match. All players who play base-ball for
money, place or emolument, shall be regarded as Professional Players, and
no professional player shall take part in any match game; and any club
giving compensation to a player, or having to their knowledge a player in
their nine playing in a match for compensation, shall be debarred from
membership in the National Association, and they shall not be considered
by any club belonging to this Association as a proper club to engage in a
match with; and should any club so engage with them they shall forfeit
SEC. 42. Should a striker stand at the bat without
striking at good balls repeatedly pitched to him, for the apparent purpose
of delaying the game, or of giving advantage to a player, the umpire,
after warning him, shall call one, strike ,and if he persists in such
action, two and three strikes. When three strikes are called he shall be
subject to the same rules as if he had struck a fair ball.
SEC. 43. Every match hereafter made shall be decided by the best two
games out of three, unless a single game shall be mutually agreed upon by
the contesting clubs.
Selection of a Ground.
In selecting a suitable ground, there are many points to be taken into
consideration. The ground should be level, and the surface free from all
irregularities, and, if possible, covered with fine turf; if the latter
can not be done, and the soil is gravelly, a loamy soil should be laid
down around the bases, and all the gravel removed therefrom, because, at
the bases frequent falls occur, and on gravelly soil injury, in such
cases, will surely result to both the clothes and body of the player, in
the shape of scraped hands, arms, knees, etc.
The ground should be well rolled, as it adds greatly to the pleasure of
playing to have the whole field smooth and in good order; it will be found
that such a course will fully compensate for the trouble and expense
The proper size for a ground is about six hundred feet in length, by
four hundred in breadth, although a smaller field will answer. The home
base must be full seventy feet from the head of the field. The space of
ground immediately behind the home base, and occupied by the catcher,
should be not only free from turf, but the ground should be packed hard
and smooth, and free from gravel. To mark the position for the bases,
square blocks of wood or stone should be placed in the ground, low enough
to be level with the surface, at the base points, to each of which strong
iron staples should be attached. If the blocks are of stone, have the
staples inserted with lead; and if made of wood, let the staples be
screwed in, not driven, for in the latter case they will either become
loose, or ultimately driven into the wood altogether; in either case
becoming entirely useless.
Measuring the Ground.
There are several methods by which the ground may be correctly
measured; the following is as simple as any. Having determined on the
point of the home base, measure from that point, down the field, one
hundred and twenty-seven feet four inches, and the end will indicate
the position of the second base; then take a cord one hundred and
eighty feet long, fasten one end at the home base, and the other at
the second, and then grasp it in the center and extend it first to the
right side, which will give the point of the first base, and then to the
left, which will indicate the position of the third; this will give the
exact measurement, as the string will thus form the sides of a square
whose side is ninety feet. On a line from the home to the second base, and
distant from the former forty-five feet, is the pitcher’s point.
The foul ball posts are placed on a line with the home and first base, and
home and second, and should be at least one hundred feet from the bases.
As these posts are intended solely to assist the umpire in his decisions
in reference to foul balls, they should be high enough from the ground and
painted, so as to be distinctly seen from the umpire’s position.
The bases should be made of the best heavy canvas, and of double
thickness, as there will be much jumping on them with spiked shoes, and if
the best material be not used, it soon wears out. The proper size of a
base is about fourteen inches by seventeen; but as long as it covers one
square foot of ground, when secured to the base post, the requirements of
the rules will be fulfilled. The straps with which the bases are held in
position, should be made of harness leather, about one and a half inches
wide. They must pass entirely around the bases, and securely fastened to
them. New bases filled with hair and with patent fastenings have recently
Pitcher’s Point and Home Base.
The location of the pitcher's points and the home base are indicated by
means of iron quoits painted white, and not less than nine inches in
diameter. They should be cast with iron spikes running from the under side
to keep them in place, The line of the pitcher's position should be marked
by the insertion in the ground of a piece of hardwood, six feet long,
about two inches wide, and from six to eight deep. It should be inserted
so that the umpire can see it.
The rule regulating the form and dimensions of the bat is as follows;
“Section 2. The bat must be round, and must not
exceed two and a half inches in diameter in the thickest part. It must be
made of wood, and may be of any length to suit the striker.” While all
are limited to a particular size in diameter, it will be observed that no
objection is made as to any particular length or weight. Bats are from
thirty to forty inches in length, and from two to three pounds in weight
being most desirable.
The description of wood most in use is ash, but maple, white and pitch
pine, and also hickory bats are in common use, weight for the size
governing the selection.
For a bat of medium weight, ash is preferable, as its fiber is tough
and elastic. The English willow has recently been used and is favorably
regarded by many. This latter wood is very light and close in fiber, and
answers the purpose better than any other wood for a light bat.
In the choice of a bat, select a light one, as it can by wielded
better, and in match games it is desirable that the player be able to
strike quick enough to meet the rapid pitching that has recently come in
vogue. We would not recommend a bat much under two pounds in weight, as
some weight is required to overcome the resistance of the ball.
Players have different modes, and adopt different styles of batting;
some take the bat with the left hand on the handle, and slide the right
from the large end toward the handle; others grasp it nearly one-third of
the distance from the small end, so that both hands appear near the middle
of the bat; others again take hold with both hands well down on the
handle, and swing the bat with a natural and free stroke, while great
force is given to the hit: all give good reasons for their several styles.
Practice with one bat, as a player thereby becomes more sure of striking
than he would were he constantly to change his bat. In striking at the
ball, do not try to hit it so hard that you throw yourself off your
balance, but plant your feet firmly on the ground, and swing the bat in as
natural a manner as possible. The secret of hard-hitting lies in the quick
stroke and firm position of the batsman the moment the ball is struck.
This will account for some small and light men being hard hitters. Let the
left foot be placed on the line indicated as the striker's position, and
then every ball that comes perpendicularly from the bat to the ground will
be a foul ball; but should you stand back of the line, it will not.
The rule states that the ball must be composed of India rubber and
yarn, covered with leather, the proper weight being five and three-quarter
ounces avoirdupois, and its circumference nine and three-quarter inches.
The balls are easily made, but it would be advisable to obtain them from
some well-known maker, as there will then be no chance of their being
wrong in size or weight. The covering is usually sheepskin, and on a turf
ground this covering will last some time.
Base Ball is played by nine players on a side: one side taking the bat,
and the other the field. The latter occupy the following positions in the
field: Catcher, Pitcher, First Second and Third Basemen, Short Stop, and
Right Left and Center Fieldsman. The side that wins the toss, have the
choice of taking the bat or the field at their option. The batsman stands
at the home base, on a line drawn through its center—parallel to one
extending from first to third base—and extending three feet on each side
of it. When he bats the ball, he starts for the first base, and is
succeeded by player after player until three are put out at which time the
side occupying the field take their places at the bat, and, in like
manner, play their innings.
When the batsman succeeds in reaching the home base, untouched by the
ball in the hands of an adversary, and after successively touching the
first, second, and third bases, he is entitled to score one run; and when
he hits the ball far enough to admit of his making the four bases before
it is returned, he makes what is termed a home run. Nine innings are
played on each side, and the part making the greatest number of runs win
the match. In case of a tie, at the close of the ninth inning, the game by
mutual consent, can be prolonged innings after innings until one or other
of the contesting sides obtain the most runs. And if any thing occur to
interrupt or put a stop to the game before five innings on each side have
been played, the game must be drawn. The rules and regulations of the game
define all further particulars in reference to it.
THE POSITIONS ON
This player is expected to catch or stop all balls pitched or thrown to
the home base. He must be fully prepared to catch all foul balls,
especially tips, and be able to throw the ball swiftly and accurately to
the bases, and also keep a bright look-out over the whole field. When a
player has made his first base, the Catcher should take a position nearer
the striker, in order to take the ball from the pitcher before it bounds;
and the moment the ball is delivered by the pitcher, and the player runs
from the first to the second base, the Catcher should take the ball before
bounding, and send it to the second base as swiftly as possible, in time
to cut off the player before he can touch the base; in the latter case it
would be as well, in the majority of cases, to send the ball a little to
the right of the base. The same advice holds good in reference to a player
running from the second base to the third. As the position occupied by the
Catcher affords him the best view of the field, the person filling it is
generally chosen captain, although the pitcher is sometimes selected for
that honor. We would suggest, however, that some other player than the
pitcher be selected as captain, from the fact that the physical labor
attached to that position tends to increase the player's excitement,
especially if the contest is a close one, and it is requisite that the
captain should be as cool and collected as possible. We would suggest to
the Catcher the avoidance of the boyish practice of passing the ball to
and from the pitcher when a player is on the first base; let the discredit
of this style of game fall on the batsman, if any one, as then the umpire
can act in the matter; we have referred to this matter elsewhere, as it is
a feature of the game that is a tiresome one. The Catcher, whenever he
sees several fielders running to catch a ball, should designate the one he
deems most sure of taking it, by name, in which case the others should
refrain from the attempt to catch the ball on the fly, and strive only to
take it on the bound in case of its being otherwise missed.
This player's position is behind a line two yards in length drawn at
right angles to a line from home to second base, and having its center
upon that line at a point distant forty-five feet from the former base.
His movements, immediately preceding, and at the time of delivering the
ball, are to be confined to a space of ground bounded by the above line,
and one four feet in the rear of it; and while in the act of delivering
the ball both of his feet must be on the ground. He must pitch the ball,
not jerk or throw it; and lie must deliver the ball as near as possible
over the home base, and fairly for the striker, and sufficiently
high to prevent its bounding before it passes the base. If he fails in
this respect, it is the umpire's duty to call balls upon him, as
prescribed in Section 6 of the rules. When in the act
of delivering the ball, the Pitcher must avoid having either foot in
advance of the line of his position, and must have both feet on the
ground, or otherwise a balk will be declared; this penalty is also
inflicted when he moves with the apparent purpose of delivering the ball,
and fails so to do. When a player attempts to run in to the home base
while he is pitching, he should follow the ball to the home base as soon
as it leaves his hand, and be ready at the base to take it from the
catcher. The Pitcher will frequently have to occupy a base on occasions
when the proper guardian has left it to field the ball. And in cases where
a foul ball has been struck, and the player running a base endeavors to
return to the base he has left, the Pitcher should run to the base the
player is trying to return to, and receive the ball from the fielder, in
order to comply with Section 18 of the rules. The
Pitcher who can combine a high degree of speed with an even delivery, and
at the same time can, at pleasure, impart a bias or twist to the ball, is
the most effective player in that position. We would remind him that in
cases where a player has reached his first base after striking, it is the
pitcher's duty to pitch the ball to the bat, and not to the catcher; and
should the batsman refuse to strike at good balls repeatedly pitched to
him, it will be the umpire's duty to call one strike, etc., according to Section
42 of the rules.
This position on the field is a very important one, for on the activity
and judgment of the Short Stop depends the greater part of the
in-fielding. His duties are to stop all balls that come within his reach,
and pass them to whatever base the striker may be running to—generally,
however, the first base. In each case his arm must be sure, and the ball
sent in swiftly, and rather low than high. He must back up the pitcher,
and, when occasion requires, cover the third base when the catcher throws
to it; also back up the second and third bases when the ball is thrown in
from the field. He should be a fearless fielder, and ready and able to
stop a swift ground-ball; and if he can throw swiftly and accurately, it
would be as well to be a little deliberate in sending the ball to the
first base, as it is better to be sure and just in time, than to risk a
wild throw by being in too great a hurry. His position is generally in the
center of the triangle formed by the second and third bases and the
pitcher's position, but he should change it according to his knowledge of
the striker's style of batting. He must also be on the alert to take foul
balls on the bound that are missed on the fly by either the third baseman
or pitcher, or indeed any other player he can get near enough to be
effective in this respect. In doing this, however, he should be careful
not to interfere with the fielder who is about catching the ball; so as to
prevent him doing so, the catcher will call to that fielder who he thinks
will best take a ball on the fly. An effective Short Stop and good first
base player, especially if they are familiar with each other's play, will
materially contribute to the successful result of a well-contested game.
The First Baseman should play a little below his base, and inside the
line of the foul-ball post, as he will then get within reach of balls that
would otherwise pass him. The moment the ball is struck, and he finds that
it does not come near him, he should promptly return to his base, and
stand in readiness, with one foot on the base, to receive the ball from
any player that may have fielded it. The striker can be put out at this
base without being touched by the ball, provided the fielder, with the
ball in and, touches the base with any part of his person before the
striker reaches it. The player will find it good practice to stand with
one foot on the base, and see how far he can reach and take the ball from
the fielder; this practice will prepare him for balls that are thrown
short of the base. In the same manner he should learn to jump up and take
high balls. This position requires the player filling it to be the very
best of catchers, as he will be required to hold very swiftly-thrown balls
The moment he has held the ball, he promptly return it to the pitcher, or
to either of the other bases a player is running to, as in some instances
two and sometimes three players are put out by promptitude in this
respect. For instance, we will suppose a player to be on each of the
first, second, and third bases, and the striker hits the ball to the short
fielder, the latter sends it to the catcher, who, in turn, sends it to the
third base, and the third baseman to second, and if this be done rapidly
in each case, all three players will be put out, as it is only requisite,
under such circumstances, for the ball to be held on the base before the
player reaches it—not the player to be touched with it—for each player
to be put out. Should the ball, however, be sent to first base, and the
striker be put. out, in such case it will be requisite that each other
player be touched with the ball, as in the first case they are forced
from their bases, but in the latter they are not We give this as an
illustration of a very pretty point of the game. For the rule in reference
to it, see Sections 19 and 22.
This position is considered by many to be the key of the field, and
therefore requires an excellent player to occupy it. He should be an
accurate and swift thrower, a sure catcher, and a thorough fielder. He
should play a little back of his base, and to the right or left of it,
according to the habitual play of the striker, but generally to the left,
as most balls pass in that direction. He should back up the pitcher well,
allowing no balls to pass both that player and himself too. When the
striker reaches the first base, the Second Baseman should immediately
return to his base and stand prepared to receive the ball from the
catcher, and put out his opponent by touching him with the ball, which it
is requisite to do on this base as well as on the third and home bases,
except in the cases of balls caught on the fly, or foul balls, in both of
which instances a player can be put out in returning to the base he has
left, in the same manner as when running to the first base—see
rule 17. When the catcher fails to throw the ball with accuracy to the
Second Baseman, the latter should by all means manage to stop the ball, if
he can not catch it, in time to put out his opponent. He should also
promptly return the ball to the pitcher.
The Third Base is not quite as important a position as the others, but
it nevertheless requires its occupant to be a good player, as some very
pretty play is frequently shown on this base. Its importance, however,
depends in a great measure upon the ability displayed by the catcher, who,
if he is not particularly active, will generally sacrifice this base by
giving his principal attention to the second. A player who catches with
his left hand will generally not make a good Third Baseman. The same
advice in regard to the proper method of practice for the first base is
equally applicable to the second and third, but it is not quite as
necessary to the two latter as to the former. Should a player be caught
between the bases, in running from one to the other, it is the surest plan
to run in and put the player out at once, instead of passing the ball
backward and forward, as a wild throw, or a ball missed, will almost
invariably give the player the base. All three of the basemen should
avoid, by all fair means, obstructing the striker. We scarcely need to
remind each of the basemen that whenever they ask for judgment from the
umpire, on any point of play, that they should forbear from commenting on
the same, be it good or bad, but receive it in entire silence. Such is the
course a gentleman will always pursue.
This position requires the fielder who occupies it to be a good runner,
a fine thrower, and an excellent and sure catcher; as probably three out
of every six balls hit are sent toward the left field.
The same qualities are requisite also in this position, as necessary in
the left field, but not to the extent required by the latter fielder. The
Center Fielder should always be in readiness to back up the second base,
and should only go to long field in cases where a hard hitter is at the
This is the position that the poorest player of the nine—if there be
any such—should occupy; not that the position does not require as good a
player to occupy it as the others, but that it is only occasionally, in
comparison to other portions of the field, that balls are sent in this
In all cases, the out fielders should be able to throw the ball from
long field to the home base, and after they have either caught or stopped
the ball, they should promptly return either to the base requiring it, or
to the pitcher, but they never hold the ball a moment longer than is
necessary to throw it. Another point of their fielding should be to start
the moment the ball is hit, and try their utmost to take it on the fly,
and not wait until it is about touching the ground. Bear in mind that it
is easier to run forward to take a ball, than, by being too eager, to try
and take it by running backward; remember, however, that a ball hit high
to long field invariably appears to be coming further than it really does,
as after it has reached its height, It falls at a far more acute angle
than it arose at; it, there- fore, requires considerable judgment to
measure the precise distance it will fall.
This player must take his position on a line drawn through the center
of the home base, not exceeding in length three feet from either side
thereof, and parallel with the line of the pitcher's position. He can
await the coming of a suitable ball for him to strike, but he should not
be too fastidious in this respect, or otherwise he will be liable to incur
the penalty attached to a violation of Section 42 of
the rules. Some Batsmen are in the habit of waiting until the player, who
has previously reached the first base, can make his second, but a good
Batsman strikes at the first good ball pitched to him, and this is
decidedly the fairest and best method to be adopted, as it is the most
likely to lead to a successful result, and keeps the game lively and
interesting. The Batsman, when he has hit the ball, should drop his bat,
not throw it behind him, and run for the first base, not waiting to hear
whether the ball has been declared foul or not, as if it be a foul ball,
he can easily return to the base, but should it be fair, he will be well
on his way to the base. The umpire will call all foul balls immediately
they are struck, but will keep silent when the ball is a fair one.
Although the rules expressly state what the Batsman is to do, it will be
as well to refer here to the rules applicable to the striker, as they can
not be too familiar to him. The Batsman is out if he strikes at the ball
three times without hitting it, and if the third time the ball be struck
at it is caught by the catcher either on the fly or first bound; or, if
the ball be fielded. to the first base before the striker reaches it; or,
if he runs from any base, except the home base, on a foul ball, and the
ball reaches the base before he can return to it; or, if a fair ball be
caught on the fly; or, if at any time while running the bases, he be
touched by the ball while in play in the hands of an adversary, without
some part of his person being on the base. He is also out if he try to
make either the second, third, or home bases after the ball has been
struck, and caught on the fly, and he fails to return to the base he has
left before the ball reaches it. If, however, he should succeed in this
latter case in reaching the base before the ball, he can immediately
re-endeavor to make the base he was running to without being obliged to
await the balls being held by the pitcher. In the case where he is running
for a base on a foul ball, he should see that the ball has been settled in
the hands or the pitcher who need not be in his position to receive
it—before it reaches the base, or otherwise he can not be put out
without being touched by the ball. In running the bases, he should use his
own judgment as to the proper time to make a base, unless the captain
calls to him to run, in which case he should obey the call; but it will be
as well not to mind the suggestion of any other person on the field, as
the captain is the only proper person to direct a player in his movements.
Umpires and their Duties.
The Umpire should be a player familiar with every point of the game.
The position of an Umpire is an honorable one, but its duties are any
thing but agreeable, as it is next to an impossibility to give entire
satisfaction to all parties concerned in a match. It is almost unnecessary
to remark that the first duty of an Umpire is, to enforce the rules of the
game with the strictest impartiality; and in order to do so, it would be
as well for him, the moment he assumes his position on the ground to close
his eyes to the tact of there being any player, among the contestants,
that is not an entire stranger to him; by this means he will free his mind
from any friendly bias. Whenever a point is to be decided upon, rest the
decision upon the first impression for however incorrect it, at
times, may be, it is invariably the most impartial one. The Umpire should
avoid conversation with any party during a match game, and also turn a
deaf ear to all outside comments on his decisions. He should give all his
decisions in a loud tone of voice, especially in cases of foul balls,
keeping silent when a fair ball is struck. He should also declare how and
by whom the striker has been put out. When a striker persists in refusing
to hit at good balls, in order to allow the player who has reached his
first base, to make his second, the umpire should not hesitate to enforce Section
42 of the rules by calling out "one strike," and then two
and three strikes, if such conduct is continued. A few instances of prompt
enforcement of this rule, in such cases, would soon put a stop to this
objectionable habit. In cases, too, when the pitcher delivers balls,
either to intimidate the batsman, by hitting him with the ball, or in such
a manner that the batsman can not hit them, the Umpire should promptly
enforce the rule laid down for such cases, and call balls on the pitcher.
The Umpire should keep a strict watch on the movements of the pitcher in
delivering the ball, being careful to notice, firstly, that he has neither
foot in advance of the line of his position, or off the ground when the
ball is delivered; secondly, that his arm, in the act of delivering, does
not touch big side, and thereby cause the ball to be jerked instead of
being pitched; and thirdly, that he delivers the ball with a straight arm,
and also that he does not move his arm with any apparent purpose of
delivering the ball, unless he does actually deliver it; in either case,
his failure to abide by the rules renders him liable to the penalty of a
balk. The Umpire should require the batsman to stand on a line, running
through the center of the home base, parallel to a line from the first to
the third base, and extending three feet on each side. Should the striker
fail to do so, and in consequence, the ball, when struck, fall behind the
base, the Umpire should consider it a fair ball, as, had the rules been
strictly adhered to, the same ball would have been legitimately a fair
one. Whenever a foul ball is caught after rebounding from the side of a
building, a fence, or a tree, provided it has not touched the ground, it
should be considered a fair catch, unless a special agreement to the
contrary be made previous to the commencement of the match. The Umpire
should see that the spectators are not allowed to stand near, and
especially within, the line of the foul-ball post, or in any way interfere
with or crowd upon the scorers. His position is to the right of, and
between, the striker and catcher, in a line with the home and third base;
in the case of a left-handed striker, he should stand on the left of the
striker. Whenever a disposition is evinced on the part of either side of
the contestants in a match to prolong the game until darkness puts a stop
to it, in order to secure an advantage obtained, but which by fair play
would in all probability be lost, the Umpire should decide the game by the
last innings that had been fairly played. There have been one or two
instances where this contemptible conduct has been resorted to, and as it
is a course that is discreditable to all concerned in it, it can not be
too much condemned. The Umpire should constantly bear in mind that up- on
his manly, fearless, and impartial conduct in a match mainly depends the
pleasure that all more or less, will derive from it.
The same person should invariably be appointed to keep the score of all
match games, and he should be one whose familiarity, with the game will
admit of his recording every point of it that occurs in a match. He should
be one also whose gentlemanly conduct will render him acceptable to all
who are liable to make inquiries of him relative to the score of the game.
The position occupied by the scorer should be kept entirely clear of all
persons, except those who are regularly engaged to report matches for the
press; for the latter are entitled to every attention under such
circumstances, in return for their efforts to promote the interests of the
game by giving publicity to the many contests that take place. To avoid
annoyance to the Scorer, the reporters should furnish the Scorer with
RULES FOR THE FORMATION OF A CLUB.
Before forming a club, it would be well to ascertain how many there
are, of those desirous of becoming members of such an organization, who
will be sufficiently interested in the club to place it on a permanent
footing; and especially is it requisite that a majority of the members
should be those able to de- vote a portion of their time to the necessary
practice of the game, and at the same time be fully alive to the welfare
of the club they join. Being satisfied in these respects, the next
proceeding is to adopt an appropriate name, and one indicative of the
locality of the club. In this matter care should be taken to avoid, if
possible, the selection of a name already adopted. In framing the
Constitution and By-Laws of the Club, avoid having any rule that can not
or will not be enforced, as it will other- wise lead to a laxity of
discipline that will injuriously affect those rules that are absolutely
necessary for the existence of the club. The fines, if any, should be
light, being thereby easier of collection, and fully as effective as if of
SECTION 1. This club shall be known as the _________________Base Ball
Club of_______________and shall consist of not more than_________regular
SECTION 1. Those desirous of becoming members, can be proposed at any
meeting, but must be balloted for at the ensuing meeting.
SEC. 2. Proposals for membership must be seconded by some member of the
club other than the one proposing.
SEC. 3. At a ballot for membership__________________negative votes
shall exclude the candidate.
SEC. 4. All persons who are elected members must subscribe to the
Constitution and By-Laws, pay their initiation fee and regular dues, and
furnish their address to the Secretary of the club, within_____days notice
of election, or forfeit all claim of membership.
SEC. 5. Honorary members must be elected by a unanimous vote of the
members present at a regular meeting. They are not required to pay either
initiation fee or dues, but are to be subject to the laws of the club.
SEC. 6. Any member desirous of withdrawing from the club, must tender
his resignation in writing at a regular meeting; no resignation shall be
accepted from any member who is in arrears for dues to the club.
SECTION 1. The officers of this club shall consist of a President,
Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and three Directors, whose term of
office shall be one year.
SEC. 2. The election of officers shall be by ballot, and shall take
place at the first regular meeting in______. They shall be balloted for
separately, and must receive a majority of all the votes polled, to
entitle them to an election, and shall enter upon their respective duties
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all
meetings; to enforce a proper observance of the Constitution and By-Laws
of the club; to appoint all committees, not otherwise provided for, and
have the casting vote in case of a tie upon any questions.
SEC. 4. The duties of the Vice-President shall be to perform those of
the President, in the absence of that officer.
SEC. 5. The duties of the Secretary shall be to keep all the books of
the club, except those of the Treasurer, attend to all correspondence,
call all meetings of the club, keep a roll of the members, which he shall
call at the opening of every meeting; and such other duties as may be
found in the following articles.
SEC. 6. The duties of the Treasurer shall be, to receive and disburse
all the funds of the club; keep a book of individual accounts; pay all
bills made or approved by the President, and render vouchers for the same;
and at each regular meeting, when called upon to do so, report to the
presiding officer the financial condition of the club.
SEC. 7. It shall be the duty of the Directors to take charge of the
necessary implements of the club; determine the time to commence and close
the season for field exercise; and attend to all miscellaneous duties not
otherwise provided for.
SEC. 8. In case of any office becoming vacant, the vacancy shall be
immediately filled by a new election.
SECTION 1. The stated meetings of the club shall be held monthly, at 8
SEC. 2. ___________ Members shall constitute a quorum for the
transaction of business at regular meetings.
SEC. 3. The President shall call extra meetings for business at the
written request of a regular quorum of members, or when he may deem it
SEC. 4. The days for field exercise shall be such as may be appointed
from time to time at the regular meetings of the club.
SEC. 5. All committees shall report at the next meeting after their
appointment, except when the nature of their business requires a longer
SECTION 1. Every alteration, amendment, or addition to the Constitution
or By-Laws, shall be delivered to the President in writing, who shall
publish the same to the club, and at the next regular meeting it shall be
considered and adopted, if two-thirds of the members present concur.
At the regular meetings of the club, the following order of business
shall be observed: 1st. Calling the roll; 2d. Reading the minutes of the
previous meeting; 3d. Collection of dues and fines; 4th. Proposing
members, and election thereof; reports of committees; and 6th.
miscellaneous business. A motion for adjournment shall always be in order.
All persons elected members of this club shall pay an initiation
of__________dollars, and each member shall pay a__________due
No expenses for refreshments on match days shall be paid out of the
funds of the club. All such expenses to be defrayed by individual
subscriptions only. And all assessments levied on the members of this
club, shall be paid or not, at the option of each member assessed.
SECTION. 1. Any member who shall use profane language, either at a
meeting of the club, or during field exercise, shall be fined
SEC. 2. Any member disputing the decision of the Umpire during field
exercise, shall be fined________cents.
SEC. 3. Any member refusing obedience to the Captain during field
exercise, and while he has lawful authority, shall pay a fine of
SEC. 4. Any member who shall absent himself from a business meeting
without a sufficient excuse, shall be fined_______cents.
SEC. 5. Any member, either at a meeting for business, or field
exercise, not coming to order when called upon to do so by the President
or Captain, shall be fined ______cents.
SEC. 6. Any member refusing to pay the fines and dues imposed by these
By-Laws, or who shall absent himself from field exercise for the space of
three months, may be suspended or expelled by a vote of______of the
members present at a regular meeting.
SEC. 7. Any member under suspension, is subject to dues and cannot
either vote or participate in field exercise.
Members when assembled for field exercise will be directed by two
Captains, who shall be designated by the presiding officer of the club
present. The Captains are to have absolute control of the game, and shall
designate each position the player is to occupy in the field, which
position can not be changed without the consent of the respective
Captains. The presiding officer will also designate some member to act as
Umpire, whose duty, on such occasions, shall be to keep the game in a
book, reserved for that purpose, and also note all violations of the
By-Laws. He shall decide all disputes relative to the game, and shall
collect the fines incurred during the game, and pay the same to the
Treasurer. If there be not a sufficient number of the members of the club
present when a match be made up, others, not members, may be chosen to
make up a game, which game shall not be broken up to admit members
arriving on the ground later than the time appointed for commencing play.
In all other cases, members shall have the preference.
Any alteration, addition, or amendment of these By-Laws shall be made
in the same manner as provided in Article_____,Section_______, of the
Our readers will perceive that the Constitution and By-Laws just given
contain no fines for non-appearance on practice days, experience having
shown that such are almost useless, partly from the difficulty attending
the collection of such small amounts, but principally from the valid
excuses rendered by the absentees.
The officers of the club should be men of influence with the members
thereof, and such as can always be present on the occasions appointed
either for meetings or for field exercise. It is not necessary that they
should be good players, beyond the requisite ability to properly represent
the club on all occasions.
In admitting new members, be sure they are persons of good habits and
character. A person of a quarrelsome disposition should never be allowed
to enter or remain in any ball club, as he will not only destroy the
harmony that should exist in such an association, but will also deter good
men from joining, who would make, perhaps, fine players as well as firm
supporters of the club.
It will be observed that each player is numbered on the score, from one
to nine, and his position in this respect, and also in reference to that
he holds in the field, remains unchanged on the book throughout the game,
no matter how many times his position is changed as a fielder. Therefore,
instead of writing the name of the player we wish to designate, we simply
use the figure that precedes his name. In order, also to record the
movements of each player during the game, a series of abbreviations are
adopted, those we use in scoring being as follows :
A for first base.
D for catch on the bound.
B for second base. L for foul
C for third base. T for
H for home base. K
for struck out. F for catch on the fly. R for run out between bases.
H R, or h r, for home runs. L F for foul ball on the fly. L D for foul ball on the bound. T F for tip on the fly. T D for tip on the bound.
The above, at first sight; would appear to be a complicated alphabet to
remember, but when the key is applied it will be at once seen that a boy
could easily impress it on his memory in a few minutes. The explanation is
simply this—we use the first letter in the words, Home, Fly, and Tip,
and the last in Bound, Foul, and Struck, and the first three letters of
the alphabet for the first three bases.
To illustrate it, we will suppose Messrs. Leggett, Price, and Pidgeon,
respectively of the Excelsior, Atlantic and Eckford clubs, to be the first
three strikers of the opposing nine to that recorded in the "diagram
of a score book;" and that they were to be put out in succession as
follows: Leggett at first base, Price by the left fielder on the fly, and
Pidgeon by a tip on the bound. The ordinary way of recording the play
would be thus: "Leggett 1, first base; Price 2, left field fly;
Pidgeon 3, foul bound, catcher," Now if each player retained his
position in the field throughout the game, this mode of record would do,
clumsy as it is; but when scarcely a game is played wherein changes are
not made, it of course becomes entirely unreliable, as it does not
designate the fielder who put the striker out, but simply records the
position on the field. Now, by using the figure that precedes the name of
each striker, to designate him, in connection with the above abbreviations
you can accurately and rapidly record the play thus : Leggett 1 3 A; Price
2, 7 F; Pidgeon 3, 1 L D; these figures occupying very little space, and
requiring but a moment of time to record them.
It will be noticed that we make a distinction between a "tip"
and a "foul ball." A "tip" is, strictly speaking, a
foul ball, but what is generally understood by a "foul ball,"
is, any ball that is hit outside the lines of the bases, (see Section
8 of the rules) a "tip" being confined to those balls that
are merely touched by the bat, and fall behind the striker and not far
from the position of the catcher. No fielder but the catcher can possibly
put out the striker by a tip, whereas the pitcher, short stop, and first
and third basemen frequently catch foul balls.
To fully illustrate the above method of scoring, we will describe three
innings of an imaginary game between the following nine and the nine
recorded in the diagram:
1 Leggett, catcher.
1 Masten, catcher.
2 M. O'Brien, pitcher. 2 Creighton,
3 McKinstry, short stop. 3 Pearce, short stop.
4 Price, first base. 4
Pearsall, first base.
5 Brown, second base. 5
Oliver, second base.
6 Beach, third base. 6
Smith, third base.
7 P. O'Brien, left field. 7 Russell, left field.
8 J. Oliver, center field. 8 Manolt, center field.
9 Whiting, right field. 9 Grum, right
The innings recorded are the first three played by the " batting
nine." In the first innings Masten was put out at center field, on
the fly, Creighton at first bane, and Pearce made his first base, but
Pearsall, being the next striker, struck the ball to short field, before
Pearce had made his second base; the consequence was that Pearce was third
hand out, the ball being sent to second base before Pearce reached it. In
the second innings, Pearsall again took the bat, being the next striker to
the third hand out—and was put out from a foul ball on the bound by the
third base man. Oliver was put out on the fly at the left field, and Smith
tipped out on the bound. In the third innings, Russell was put out at
right field on the bound, Manolt at short field on the fly, and Grum made
a home run, the others following with runs until it was again Grum's turn
to strike, when, after striking at the ball three times and missing each
time, he was put out by the catcher holding the ball on the bound after
the third time of striking, Grum thus " striking out."
The above play is correctly recorded in the diagram.
Hints for Scorers.
In order to obtain an accurate estimate of a player's skill, an
analysis, both of his play at the bat and in the field, should be made,
inclusive of the way in which he was put out; and that this may be done,
it is requisite that all first-nine contests should be recorded in a
uniform manner, and, to facilitate matters, we give the following copy of
the blank form we fill up in making out our reports for publication. The
form is as follows :
Passed Balls arc those that are missed by the catcher, thereby
admitting of the player running a base; none but those on which bases are
run-are counted as passed balls.
Home Runs are made when the batsman goes the round of the bases and
reaches home before being touched with the ball, and without having
stopped on any of the bases while going round. A "clean home
run," is one made before the ball returns from the outer field. Home
runs can therefore be made through loose fielding or wild throwing as well
as from long hits to the outer field; but the latter are not counted in
the score of home runs.
Striking out, is when a batsman strikes three times at a
ball and failing to hit it is either caught out by the catcher, or put out
at the first base. In both cases it is recorded as" struck out,"
and not as being out from the catch or at the base.
Fly Catches. Under this head every fly catch is recorded, whether
fair or foul.
Foul Balls. Fly or bound catches, either from foul balls or
"tips," are all included under the head of "foul
Missed Catches. We charge a catch as missed, if the ball touches
the fielder's hands and he fails to hold it.
Left on Bases. The number of times a player is left on bases should
be recorded, as it frequently happens that a good hit fails to be rewarded
with a run, from the fault of the striker following the one making the
Bun Out. When a player is put out between the bases, from being
touched, he is charged with being "run out," and the credit of
the fielding goes to the player touching him.
CONVENTION OF 1866.
Tun Tenth Annual meeting of the National Association of Base-Ball
Players was held at Clinton Hall, New York, on the afternoon and evening
of Wednesday, December 12th, 1866, on which occasion the most numerous
assemblage of club representatives was gathered together in convention of
any meeting of the kind ever before known. Clubs from Oregon on the
extreme west, to Maine on the east, and from Missouri, Tennessee and
Virginia on the south, to Vermont on the north had delegates present, over
two hundred clubs being represented in the Convention. The States were
represented as follows : New York seventy-three, Pennsylvania forty-eight,
New Jersey twenty-six, Connecticut twenty, District of Columbia ten,
Maryland five, Ohio four, Massachusetts, Iowa, Tennessee, Missouri and
Kansas two each, and Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Oregon
and Maine one each.
The Convention was opened at three P. M., by President Wildey, and from
that hour until six P. s. was occupied in calling the roll and receiving
dues, etc. At half-past seven P. the evening session began and the
Convention did not adjourn till near four o'clock the next morning, when
it was moved and adopted that the meeting in December, 1867, be held at
Philadelphia, at eleven A. M. on December 13th, at the Chesnut street
Theater. The feature of the proceedings was the official recognition of
State Associations as members of the National Association, each State
Association being entitled to two votes for every club belonging to it,
provided the club so represented has no other representation in the
National Association. Any State Association can be organized when there
are eighteen clubs in a State desirous of organizing such association.
The following officers were elected for 1867:
A.P. GORMAN, National (Washington), President.
B.F. ROSA, Mountain (Altoona), First Vice-President.
W. H. MURTHA, Enterprise (Brooklyn), Second Vice-President.
A. H. ROGERS, Resolute (Brooklyn), Recording Secretary.
C. E. COON, Empire (Washington), Corresponding Secretary.
M. M. ROGERS, Lowell (Boston), Treasurer.
C. E. COON, Esq., Corresponding Secretary of N. A. B. B. P., Box 19,
A. H. ROGERS, Esq., Recording Secretary of N. A. B. B. P.,
LIST OF CLUBS AND NAMES OF DELEGATES
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BASE-BALL PLAYERS,
December 12th, 1866.
Active—New York, J. S. Page, G. Ebets.
Active—Newark, N. J., O. Fitz Gerald, W. C. Morton.
Agallian—Middletown, Ct., R. F. Crane, C. L. Bonnell.
Alert—Cumberland, Md., S. H. Fandenburg, R. Shriver.
Alert—Danville, Pa., W. W. Pinneo, S. Earp.
Alert—Philadelphia, Pa., A. C. N. Halback, A. M. Hicks.
Alert—Elmira, N. Y., D. B. Hill, C. Hazard.
Alert—Hartford, Ct., J. V. Slatterly, J. Dundon.
Alert—South Norwalk, Ct., D. R. Silleck, F. B. Purdy.
Alleghany—Alleghany, Pa., J. N. Carr.
Alvin—Philadelphia, Pa., P. A. Allen, A. E. Keeler.
Amateur—Philadelphia, Pa., J. Dainty, Jr., J. H. Kennedy.
Americus—Newark, N. J., D. W. C. Jorolemon, A. P. Mayhew.
Autietam—Hagerstown, Pa., H. Kennedy, A. Neill.
Arctic—Philadelphia, Pa., A.H. Watt, T. J. Lindsay.
Armstrong—Philadelphia. Pa., W. Corson, H. Marlin.
Athenian—Philadelphia, Pa., J. H. Yearsley, G. W. Stull, Jr.
Athlete—Washington Bights, N. Y., J. M. Cook, V. G. Audubon.
Athletic—Philadelphia, Pa., D. W. C. Moore, W. Meiser.
Atlanta—Tremont, N. Y. M. K. Hamilton, Jr., J. Betts. Atlantic—Brooklyn, N. Y., T. Tassie, J. A. Regan. Atlantic—Jamaica, N. Y., A. Hagner, W. J. Loage.
Atlantic—Trenton, N. J., J. H. Stewart, W. H. Crosson.
Auburn—Auburn, N. Y., J. F. Dennis, F. Wright.
Awkward—Philadelphia, Pa., W. B. Harmon, S. Y. Goornley.
Bachelor—Philadelphia, Pa., H. A. Macomb, W. H. Pile, Jr.
Bergen—Bergen, N. J., J. Winner, Jr., J. V. R. Vreeland.
Binghamton—Binghamton, N. Y., D. S. Burr, E. Conklin.
Bridgeport—Bridgeport, Ct., S. M. Cato, Jr., W.H. Jones.
Brandywine—Westchester, Pa., E. Rogers, E. H. Hayhurst.
Buckeye—Cincinnati, O., P. Lishawa, J. E. Sherwood. Burlington—Burlington, N.J.H. H. Schermerhorn, H. Moffett
Capital—Washington, D.C., H. C. Porter, N. Cunningham.
Camden—Camden, N. J., J. P. Fisher, T. C. Knight. Central City—Syracuse, N. Y., G. Barnes, J. W. Yale.
Champion—Jersey City, N. J., S. Davenport, G. Denver. Charter Oak—Hartford, Ct., G. B. Hubbell, W. M. Hudson.
Chestnut Street Theater—Philadelphia, Pa., W. E. Sinn; H. Hellier.
Cincinnati—Cincinnati, O., H.A. Glassford.
Columbia—Bordentown, N.J. A. Waterman, T. M. Murphy.
Commonwealth—Philadelphia, Pa., E. A. Pharo, J. B. Diehl. Constellation—Brooklyn, N.Y., W. L. Forster, H. W. Redfield.
Contest—Brooklyn, N. Y.
Continental—Washington, D. C., W. H. Rhoberts, J. W. Browning.
Crescent—St. Albans, Vt., J. A. Newton, G. R Walker.
Cypress—East New York, N. Y., G. U. Fabell, P. A. Ralph.
Diamond State—Wilmington, Del., W. G. Mendinhall, S. H. Eagar.
Dictator—Brooklyn, N. Y., II. C. Nagle, E. Storck.
Dirigo—Philadelphia, Pa., J. R . Cantlin, G. W. Allen.
Eagle—New York, P. J. Cozzens, S. Yates.
Eagle—Flatbush, N. Y., J. Stotthoff, H. S. Spofford.
Earnest—Riverhead, N. Y., E. W. Davis, E. H. Murphy.
Eckford—Albany, N. Y.
Eckford—Brooklyn, N. Y., F. Pidgeon, J. Grum.
Eclectic—New York, W. H. Bell, A. H. Wright.
Empire—New York, T. G. Voorhis, J. Cameron.
Empire—Washington, D. C., C. E. Coon, F. Y. Anderson.
Endeavor—New York, W. Y. Ross, C. Lambert.
Enterprise—Brooklyn, N. Y., F. P. Albert, W. H. Murtha.
Enterprise—Clifton, S. I., N. Y., G. W. Dix, W. H. Clark.
Enterprise—Baltimore, Md., H. Clay Ford, A. T. Houck.
Eon—Portland, Me., J. H. Smith, F. W. Smith.
Equity—Philadelphia., Pa., E. A. B. Brown, H. W. Hancock.
Eureka—Newark, N. J., E. H. Pennington, C. E. Thomas. Excelsior—Brooklyn, N. Y., J. B. Jones, J. B. Bach.
Excelsior—Coatesville, Pa., J. P. Cum Leigh, J. C. Kauffman.
Excelsior—Elmira, N. Y., H. S. Griswold, L. Rice.
Excelsior—Paterson, N. J., W. D. Bradley, C. H. Hopper.
Exercise—New York, S. O'Conner, W. Bowers.
First Ward—Philadelphia, Pa., T. K. Ames, H. C. Crumley.
Forest City—Middletown, Ct.., R. W. Newhall.
Fort Scott—Fort Scott, Ks., (No Delegates.)
Friendship—Beverley, N. J., (No Delegates.)
Fulton—New York, W. Campbell, C. C. Smith.
Germantown—Philadelphia, Pa., J. Maxwell, T. Rufe.
Gotham—New York, J. Mingay, H. J. Kelly.
Gymnast—Philadelphia, Pa., G. A. Kelly, W. R. Murray.
Gymnastic—Washington, D. C., R. E. Ellerbeck, R. S. Vedder.
Harlem—New York, G. W. Thompson, A. F. Johnson.
Harry Clay—Philadelphia, Pa., D. R. Klinefelder, W. A. Hentz.
Hector—Elmira, N. Y., E. G. Prull, F. Roe.
Hiawatha—Kittanning, Pa., T. McConnell, J. D. Reynolds.
Hockanum—North Manchester, Ct., D. S. Calhoun, P. W. Hudson.
Hope—New York, J. J. Pickard, W. Wright.
Howard—Hartford, Ct., H. Andreas, F. H. Whittlesley.
Hudson—Hudson, N. Y., J. H. Knickerbocker, C. Whitbeck.
Hudson River—Newburgh, N. Y., D. A. Scott, J. C. Adams.
Hunkidori—Wheeling, W. Va., F. C. Winship.
Idlewild—Cornwall, N. Y., J. S. Cleves, S. B. Cocks.
Independent—Brooklyn, N. Y., II. H. Beadle, J. F. Pearson.
Independent—Johnstown, Pa., L. D. Woodruff, J. Ridlesheimer.
Interior—Washington, D. C., T. Calver, W. A. Ogden.
Intrepid—Brooklyn, N. Y., C. A. Hodges, S. W. Wilson.
Irvington—Irvington, N. J., J. M. C. Eaton, J. F. Seymour.
Jefferson—New York, W. M. Richardson, W. Glenn.
Jefferson—Washington, D. C., S. H. Yeatman, G, W. C. Finney.
Kearney—Rahway, N. J., J. R. Hanna, S. Marsh.
Kensington—Philadelphia, Pa., G. A. Bakener, J. Dietrich.
Keystone—Philadelphia, Pa., J. H. Lynch, W. Deal.
Keystone—Harrisburg, Pa., D. D. Downer, B. Freisch.
Kiskenepawling—Johnstown, Pa., J. Bournan, R. W. Hunt.
Knickerbocker—Albany , N. Y., G. H. Turner, F. P. Olcott.
Knickerbocker—New York, J. W. Davis, R. H. Hinsdale.
Korndaffer—Philadelphia, Pa., G. W. Korndaffer, J. E. Conrad.
Leisure—Philadelphia, Pa., F. E. Gerlach, L. C. Zornow.
Liberty—New Brunswick, N. J., W. Hatfield, J. Van Nest.
Liberty—Norwalk, Ct., O. E. Miller, W. Randall.
Liberty—Jamaica, N. Y., G. F. Bennett, R. Dunham.
Live Oak—Cincinnati, O., J. Draper, S. B. Hicks.
Lone Star—Matteawan, N. Y., D.W. Gitchell, T. J. Featherstone.
Lorillard, Rhinebeck, N.Y.
Lowell—Boston, Mass., M. Rogers, J. Richards.
M. M. Van, Dyke—New York, W. S. Bates, J. Grady.
Marvin—Norwichtown, Ct., T. W. Ames, J. A. Sterry.
Maryland—Baltimore, Md., W. P. Vaughan, A. H. Henderson.
Meteor—Addison, N. Y., J. E. Jones, H. Baldwin.
Minerva—Philadelphia, Pa., T. E. Meidersheim, G. G. Eger.
Mohawk—Brooklyn N. Y. H. M. Darrell, A. C. Smith.
Monitor—Goshen, N. Y., E. Dikeman, B. R. Champion.
Monitor—Corning, N. Y., C. H. Thompson, H. Sherwood.
Monitor—Waterbury, Ct., C. C. Commerford, H. J. Boughton.
Monitor—Westport, Ct., W. Lyon, C. H. Taylor.
Monmouth—Hoboken, N. J., C. H. Carling, W. C. Mansell.
Monticello—Monticello, N. Y., H. A. St. John, C. H. Roxce.
Mount Airy—Philadelphia, Pa.
Mountain—Altoona, Pa., B. F. Rose, E. B. Miller.
Mutual—New York, J. Widdey, S. Burns.
Mystic—New York, C. S. Glover, Jr., J. Reynolds.
Nassau—Princeton, N. J., R. F. Little, J. P. Polk.
National—Albany, N. Y., E A, Server, H. A. Carpenter.
National—Jersey City, N. J., J. W. Edwards, M. D. Tilden.
National—Washington, D. C., A. P. Gorman, H. Chadwick.
National—Morristown, N. J., J. Runyon, F. Childs.
National—Philadelphia, Pa., C. F. Bunrrill, C. A. Porter.
Neptune—Easton, Pa., F. Reeder, J. L. Mingle.
Newark—Newark, N. J., E. H. Dawson, B. Porter
New Jersey—Burlington, N. J.
New York—New York, W. Brower, H. C. Weeks.
New Britain—New Britain, Ct., C. S. Landers, P. Corburn.
Niagara—Buffalo, N. Y.
Oceanic—Mystic Bridge, Ct., C. Gleason, S. A. Groves.
Olympic—Paterson, N. J., S. G. M. Kiernan, S. Thorp.
Olympic—Philadelphia, Pa., A. Thatcher, Jr., J. S. Kuen.
Olympic—Louisville, Ky., E. Woodruff, G. K. Speed.
Olympic—Washington, D. C., H. W. Denison, J. I. Burns.
Ontario—Owego, N. Y., J. B. Farrall, B. W. Bates.
Oriental—Brooklyn, N. Y., W. H. Holmes, A. B. Robles.
Orion—Philadelphia, Pa., T. R. Reed, H. Driston.
Pacific—New Utrecht, N. Y., J. Weir, Jr., R. O. Carrier, Jr.
Palisade—Englewood, N. J., F. Van Brunt, A. H. Schenck.
Palisade—Yonkers, N. Y., J. G. P. Holden, E. A. Houston.
Pastime—Baltimore, Md., J. K. Sears, O. Keilholtz.
Peconic—Brooklyn, N. Y., C. Davis, G. E. Van Voorhis.
Pequod—New London, Ct., F. W. Miner, D. S. Marsh.
Philadelphia—Philadelphia, Pa., J. C. Addis, Jr., W. B.
Pine Grove—Fair Haven, Ct., W. H. Thomson, C. S. Brown.
Pioneer—Newark, N. J.
Pioneer—Portland, Oregon, H. B. Hall.
Potomac—Washington, D. C., W. C. McIntyre.
Powhatan—Brooklyn, N. Y., T. J. Irwin, G. N. Dick.
Princeton—Princeton, N. J., L. H. Anderson, W. Y. Johnson.
Quinnipiack—New Haven, Ct., S. M. Knevals, S. B. Smith.
Raleigh—Philadelphia, Pa., R. C. Congdon, A. J. Stieff.
Randolph—Dover, N. J., J. M. Losey, M. P. Neff.
Resolute—Brooklyn, N. Y., A. H. Rogers, J. S. Lockwood.
Resolute—Elizabeth, N. J., L. K. Albro, W. N. Woodruff.
Rittenhouse—Philadelphia, Pa., F. J. Carr, J. Geraghty.
Rival—Providence, Pa., E. L. Allbright, A. H. Winton.
S. J. Randall—Philadelphia, Pa., H. Donnelly, J. Mulligan.
Scranton—Scranton, Pa., J. A. Scranton, E. C. Lynde.
Sea Side—Long Branch, N. J., J. V. Corlies, W. R. Brinley. Social—New York, C. W. Travers, J. W. Johnston.
Social—Huntingdon, Pa., B. M. Greene, D. H. Kooker.
Sparkill—Piermont, N. Y., R. V. D. Wood, L. G. Clark, Jr.
Sparta—New York, C. Loucks, W. Cooper.
Star—Brooklyn, N. Y., W. R. Macdiarmid, J. E. Beale.
Star—NewBrunswick, N. J., A. Kirkpatrick, C. M. Dayton.
Star—Altoona, Pa., G. C. Spooner, G. W. Patton.
Surprise—WestFarms, N. Y., B. B. Valentine, J. W. Bolton.
Susquehanna—Wilkesharre, Pa., J. B. Williamson, J. Payne.
Trenton—Trenton, N. J., W. H. Grant, R. Stevens.
Typographical—Philadelphia, Pa., G. C. Stroman, W. Turner.
Tyrolean—Hamburg, Pa., H. L. Orth, C. E. Heister.
Una—Mount Vernon, N. Y., G. Stevens, P. Lucas, Jr.
Uncas—Norwich, Ct., L. Hillard, J. H. Bromley.
Undercliff—ColdSpring, N. Y., E. Butter, J. Delany.
Union—Morrisania, N. Y., D. Milliken, W. Herring.
Union—Washington, D. C., M. E. Urell, R. M. Drinkard.
Union—Camden, N. J., J. B. Powell, G. Jones.
Union—Elmira, N. Y., E. H. Cook, E. S. Corell.
Union—Lansingburg, N. Y., W. H. Van Kleeck, C. L. Twing.
Union—Richmond, Va., W. J. Unkles, D. B. Parker.
Union—St. Louis, Mo., T. S. Smith.
Union—Titusville, Pa., T. J. Crossley, G. H. Colburn.
Unionville—Unionville, N. Y, J. Monis, J. J. Stillwell.
Unity—Port Richmond, Pa., W. H. H. Cline, J. R. Black.
Utica—Utica, N. Y., L. M. Thompson.
Victory—Troy, N. Y., R. V. Freeman, J. Wicks.
Wallkill—Middletown, N. Y., A. V. N. Powelson, C. H. Horton.
Wahkonsa—Fort Dodge, Iowa, C. C. Smeltzer.
Williamsburg—Brooklyn, N. Y., D. C. Waring, J. Pinkham.
Washington—Port Chester, N. Y., C. Hilbert, A. T. Brown.
Waterbury—Waterbury, Ct., J. W. Smith, C. E. Terry.
Wayne—Brooklyn, L. I.
Western Market—Philadelphia, Pa., P. Lowry, Jr., W. B. Peifor.
West Philadelphia—Philada., Pa., W. Osterheldt, J. V. Fried.
West Point—Highland Falls, N. Y., M. Schneider, E. P. Reardon.
Western—Burlington, Iowa, G. Sunderland, W. H. Smith.
Wild Cat—Brookville, Pa., A. D. Hepburn, F. Thorne.
World—New York, D. F. Headman, H. Kennedy.
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BASE-BALL PLAYERS.
THIS Association shall be called " THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
The objects of this Association shall be to improve, foster, and
perpetuate the American Game of Base-Ball, and to promote the cultivation
of kindly feelings among the different members of Base-Ball Clubs, and
State Base-Ball Associations.
SECTION 1. This Association shall be composed of two delegates from
each of the Base-Ball Clubs which have been duly admitted to a
representation in the Convention forming this Constitution, and from each
of the Clubs and State Base-Ball Associations, which may be admitted to a
representation in the manner hereinafter provided.
SECTION 2. Any State Base-Ball Association desiring to be represented
in this Association, shall present to the Recording Secretary, at least
thirty days previous to the annual meeting of this Association, a written
official certificate signed by the President and Secretary of each State
Association they represent, the number of clubs composing said
Association, and their date of organization, names of their officers, and
number of members belonging to each club; also, the date of organization
of the State Association they represent, and names of their delegates.
SECTION 3. Any Base-Ball Club desiring to be represented in this
Association, shall present to the Recording Secretary, at least thirty
days previous to the Annual Meeting of this Association, a written
application, signed by its President and Secretary, setting forth the name
of the club, date of its organization, days and places of playing, names
of its officers and delegates, and the number of members composing it,
which, together with all applications from State Base-Ball Associations,
shall be immediately submitted to the Committee on Nominations; but no
such application shall be received by said Secretary unless presented
thirty days previous to the Annual Meeting. Said Committee shall thereupon
ascertain the condition, character, and standing of such club (and State
Base-Ball Association), and report the same to the Annual Meeting, with
the said application and their opinion thereon; and a ballot shall
thereupon be had at such meeting upon the admission of such club (or State
Base-Ball Association), when, if two-thirds of the members present vote in
favor thereof, such club (or State Base-Ball Association), shall be
declared duly entitled to representation in this Association. Any
informality or irregularity in the form or substance of the application
may be waived by a two-thirds vote of the members present at the Annual
SECTION 4. No club shall be represented in this Association unless
composed of at least eighteen active members, and no State Association
shall be represented in this Association unless composed of eighteen
clubs, or either by any delegate under twenty-one years of age; nor shall
any club or State Base-Ball Association be so represented until its
delegates have paid the fee hereinafter designated.
SECTION 5. Any club or State Association, organized after the
adjournment of the Annual Meeting of this Association, may be elected
probationary members thereof, after conforming to the requirements of
sections second, third and fourth, by the Nominating Committee. They shall
be subject to the payment of dues and assessments, and be eligible to all
the privileges of regular members of the Association until the next Annual
Meeting, at which time they must be duly elected in the same manner as all
SECTION 1. The officers of this Association shall be a President, First
Vice-President, Second Vice-President, Recording Secretary, Corresponding
Secretary, and Treasurer.
SECTION 2. The first election of officers shall be held immediately
upon the adoption of this Constitution, and the officers then elected
shall respectively hold office until the next Annual Meeting, or until
their successors are respectively elected; and thereafter all officers
shall be elected by ballot on the second Wednesday of December annually.
SECTION 3. Each officer shall hold his office, or appointment, for one
year, or until another is elected to succeed him.
SECTION 4. Any vacancy in either of the offices may be filled at any
meeting of the Association regularly organized, or by a majority vote of
the Board of Officers.
SECTION 1. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all
meetings; to preserve order, and see that the laws are carried into
effect; to call extra meetings whenever he shall deem it necessary. He
shall have no vote, except in the election of officers and new members,
and except in equal divisions, when he shall have the casting vote. He
shall call special meetings whenever requested to do so (in writing) by
five clubs; and shall also appoint all committees, unless otherwise
SECTION 2. It shall be the duty of the First Vice-President to perform
all the duties of the President in his absence; and in case of the absence
of both the aforementioned officers, the Second Vice-President shall
discharge all the duties appertaining to the President.
SECTION 3. It shall be the duty of the Recording Secretary to keep an
accurate record of all the proceedings of the Association in a hook; to
notify by certificate, clubs, and State Base-Ball Associations, of their
election, to issue all notices of meetings, and publish the decisions of
the Judiciary Committee, once in two leading Sunday journals, on the next
Sunday after rendition of the decisions. He shall immediately deliver to
his successor in office all books, papers, or other property of the
Association in his possession.
SECTION 4. It shall be the duty of the Corresponding Secretary to take
charge of all communications, and reply thereto in accordance with such
instructions as he may receive from the Association, and keep and record
in a book a copy thereof, and shall immediately deliver to his successor
in office all books or other property belonging to the Association.
SECTION 5. The Treasurer shall receive and hold all the funds of the
Association, and disburse the same as he may be authorized to do by a
majority vote of the Association, or by order of the President and
Secretary. He shall keep a correct account of all monies received and
disbursed by him, in a book to be provided for that purpose, which shall
at all times be open to the inspection of any of the officers of the
Association, or of any Committee duly authorized therefor by the
Association; and he shall report at the Annual Meeting, or whenever
required by a vote of the Association, and he shall immediately deliver to
his successor in office, after his accounts have been audited by a
Committee appointed for that purpose by the Chair, all the books, papers,
or other property of the Association in his possession.
SECTION 1. The Annual Meeting of the Association shall be held on the
second Wednesday in December, each year, at such place as the Association
at the Annual Meeting may direct.
SECTION 2. Special meetings shall be called by the President, at the
written request of five clubs, provided that at least one week's notice of
such meeting shall be given by publication in at least two newspapers in
the city of New York, and by depositing written or printed notices
thereof, in the Post-Office in said city, directed to each of the
delegates at their respective places of business or residence.
SECTION 3. Any meeting may be adjourned from time to time by a majority
SECTION 4. Twenty-one delegates shall constitute a quorum for. the
transaction of business; but a smaller number present at any adjourned or
regularly called meeting, may adjourn to any specified day.
No delegate shall be admitted into the Association unless he shall have
filed wills the Recording Secretary a certificate of his election, signed
by the President and Secretary of the club or State Association he may
SECTION 1. Each club represented in this Association shall, at or
before the Annual Meeting in each year, pay to the Treasurer the sum of
Two Dollars as annual dues; and each club hereafter admitted shall pay the
sum of Five Dollars in addition as an entrance fee. And each State
Association shall pay, through their delegates to this Association, in
like manner, the sum of two dollars as an annual due for each club
belonging to such Associations.
SECTION 2. The Association at any meeting may levy an assessment upon
each of the clubs and State Associations belonging to this Association, of
such sums as may be deemed requisite to pay deficiencies or anticipated
SECTION 3. Each club who shall have a delegate present at any meeting
shall be entitled to two votes, and each State Association who shall have
a delegate present at any meeting shall be entitled to two votes for each
club belonging to the State Association which he represents. No delegate
shall be (mailed to vote, at any meeting, if the club (or Association)
which he represents shall be in arrears for fees, dues, or assessments;
and if such club (or Association) shall be in arrears one year, it shall
cease to belong to the Association. No club shall vote as an individual
club and also through a State Base-Ball Association.
SECTION 4. No club, now a member of this Association, which shall admit
or retain a person, as a member thereof, who has been guilty of the
reprehensible conduct of conspiring with any person or persons to cause,
or who shall, by any connivance, bargain or overt act, cause the loss of n
match game of ball in which he is or may be one of the
contestants—either previous to or during the progress of such game of
ball—for money, place, position, emolument, or any consideration of any
nature whatever, shall be entitled to continue a member of this
Association or admitted to membership thereof; and no new club shall be
admitted to membership therein which has among its members any one who has
been convicted of any such action, and no match game of ball shall be
played by any club belonging to this Association with any club which has
or may have at any time any such person or persons among its members,
under penalty of forfeiture of membership to the National Association of
Base-Ball Players. And no State Base-Ball Association shall be admitted to
membership in this Association unless they adopt in their constitutions
the sentiments or words contained in this section.
The rules and regulations hereunto annexed shall govern all match games
of Base-Ball played between clubs belonging to this Association, and also
all clubs belonging to the State Base-Ball Associations.
Within one week after the election of officers at the Annual Meeting,
the President elect shall appoint a committee of thirteen delegates, five
to make a quorum, who shall constitute a Standing Committee on Rides and
Regulations, a Committee of three delegates who shall constitute a
Committee on Nominations, a Judiciary Committee of nine members, three to
make a quorum, and Printing Committee consisting of three, all of which
Committees shall hold office for one year, or until their successors are
All proposed alterations, additions or amendments to the Constitution
or By-Laws or Rules and Regulations, shall be submitted in writing to the
Committee on Rules, at least one month before the Annual Meeting, with
their opinion thereon; and no such alteration, addition, or amendment
shall be adopted unless it shall have been so proposed and reported; nor
unless two-thirds of all the members present, at a meeting regularly
organized, shall vote in favor of such alteration, addition or amendment
to the Constitution and By-Laws, and a majority in favor of
alterations or amendments to the Rules and Regulations.
SECTION 1. The order of business at all meetings, shall be as follows :
Reading of Minutes of previous meeting.
Reports of officers and Nominating Committee.
Propositions and balloting for new members.
Dues and fees collected.
Reports of Committees, in order of their appointment.
Election of officers.
SECTION 2. No member shall be allowed to discuss any question under
debate, without arising and addressing the Chair.
SECTION 3. No member shall speak more than twice on any one question,
nor more than five minutes at any time unless by unanimous consent.
SECTION 4. Every member present shall be required to vote on all
questions, unless he is directly or personally interested, or excused by a
vote of a majority of the members present.
SECTION 5. Any member may, at any time, call for the reading of any
article of the Constitution, or By-Laws or Minutes of any meeting, or any
other paper relating to the question then under consideration.
SECTION 6. The yeas and nays shall be taken on any question, at the
request of five members.
SECTION 7. Any member belonging to this Association behaving in an
ungentlemanly manner, or rendering himself obnoxious to the Association,
may, by a vote of two-thirds of the members present, be expelled.
SECTION 8. All charges against any member, or club, must be submitted
in writing to the Secretary of this Association, within thirty days from
the occurrence of causes upon which they may be predicated; and the club
or person against whom said charges are made, shall be furnished with a
copy thereof, at the some-time, by those belonging to this Association
making them. The Secretary shall record the same, and forthwith submit the
original charge to the Judiciary Committee. The Judiciary Committee shall
investigate all complaints or charges thus submitted to them, and render
judgment thereon within fifteen days from date of said charges, which
decision shall be binding and final upon the parties concerned, until and
unless reversed, upon appeal by this Association, at the next ensuing
Annual Meeting; a vote of two-thirds of the members present at said
meeting shall be necessary to reverse the decision of said Committee.
The President appointed the following committees for the ensuing year :
COMMITTEE ON RULES.
J. B. JONES, Excelsior, Brooklyn (Chairman).
H. CHADWICK, National, Washington.
J. GRUM, Eckford, Brooklyn.
C. E. THOMAS, Eureka, Newark.
J. H. LYNCH, Keystone, Philadelphia.
JAMES CAMERON, Empire, New York.
G. B. HUBBELL, Charter Oak, Hartford, Conn.
G. EBBETTS, Active, New York,
D. R. KLEINFELDER, Harry Clay, Philadelphia, Pa.
OTIS KEICHOLTZ, Pastime, Baltimore, Md.
D. B. PARKER, Union, Richmond, Va.
DR. JOHN DRAPER, Live Oak, Cincinnati.
AUGUSTUS WATERMAN, Columbia, Bordentown, N. J.
W. HERRING, Union, Morrisania, N. Y., (Chairman.)
D. W. C. MOORE, Athletic, Philadelphia, Pa.
J. B. BACHE, Excelsior, Brooklyn, N. Y.
M. J. KELLY, Gotham, N. Y.
THOMAS TASSIE, Atlantic, Brooklyn, N. Y.
C. C. COMMERFORD, Monitor, Waterbury, Conn.
S. YATES, Eagle, New York.
F. C. WINSHIP, Hunkidori, Wheeling, W. Va.
J. S. KUEN, Olympic, Philadelphia, Pa.
COMMITTEE ON NOMINATIONS.
DR. W. H. BELL, Eclectic, New York.
J. W. DAVIS, Knickerbocker, New York.
E. SINN, Chesnut Street Theater, Philadelphia, Pa.
A. H. ROGERS, Resolute, Brooklyn (Chairman.)
H. CHADWICK, National, Washington, D. C.
H. B. HALL, Pioneer, Portland, Oregon.
A. H. ROGERS,
STATE CONVENTIONS IN 1867.
THIS year is the first of the official recognition of State
Associations, and in accordance with the Constitution of the National Association,
the Maryland State Base-Ball Association was organized, and on February
20th, 1867, this Association held their first Convention, the locale being
Sanderson's Opera House, Baltimore. Thirty-three clubs were represented,
the following being the names of the clubs arid delegates :
Active—Baltimore, M. W. Holmes, S. C. Weaver.
Alert—Cumberland, J. C. Simms, R. Shriven.
Allegany—Cumberland, E. P. Rupert.
Antietam—Hagerstown, H. H. Keedy.
Annapolis—Annapolis, A. D. Roan, J. W. Randall
Associate—Baltimore, P. Walton, Wm. Rudolst.
Arctic—Baltimore, J. McCleery, E. Lawson.
Avalanche—Cecil, A. J. Pennington.
Calvert—Baltimore, J. P. Reul, F. A. Cochran.
Continental and Church Hill—Carroll, N. Newcomer, L. Dunbracco.
Carroll—Uniontown, G. E. Franklin, C. B. Meredith.
Chesapeake—West River, J. H. Hopkins, F. Owens.
Chesterfield—Queen Ann's, J H. Thompson.
Dorcester—Milton, B. H. Woodgood, J.O. Skinner.
Enterprise—Baltimore, L. A. Carl, T. R. Bayley.
Excelsior—Frederick, J. C. Killingsworth, P. H. Birly.
Excelsior—Sudlersville, S. S. Goodband, E. B. Peirce.
Friendship—Anne Arundel, O. M. Wells, F. D. Griffith.
Independent—West River, C. Sheppard, B. Tongue.
Maryland—Baltimore, C. Young, Wm. P. Vaughen.
Mechanic's—Frederick, A. Freely, J. A. Simpson.
Mountain City—Frederick, J. W. Brubacker, C. Albaugh.
Mount Washington—Baltimore county T. E. Sollers, J. W. Webb.
Monumental—Baltimore, H. McK. Herring, W. A. Munson.
Mutual—Baltimore, J. A. Goode, J. Funk.
Nameless—Frederick, L. V. Baughman.
Olympian—West River, II. E. Fiddis, L. B. Byers.
Patasco—Westminster, J. W. Perkins.
Pastime—Baltimore, W. R. Griffith, W. R. Prestman.
Recreation—Millersville, A. Freeland, C. H. Brown.
Severn—Annapolis, L. S. Clayton, Wm. H. Bellis.
Star of Friendship—Anne Arundel county, Thos. C. Chew, H. M. Leitch.
South River—J. M. Iglehart.
Towson—Towsontown, Hon. R. Grason, N. Whittle.
United—West River, W. G. Owens, J. R. Norris.
The Convention was called to order by Mr. W. R. Prestman, and the roll
of delegates called by Mr. Geo. Grattan. On motion of Mr.W. P. Vaughen,
Mr. J. C. Killingsworth, of Frederick, was called to the chair, and on
motion of Mr. W. R. Griffith, Mr. W. P. Vaughen, of Baltimore, was chosen
On motion of Mr. W. R. Griffith, of Baltimore, Mr. A. L. Reach, a
member of the Athletic club, of Philadelphia, and Mr. C. H. Graffen,
reporter of the Philadelphia Sunday Mercury, were invited to seats in the
Convention. A committee of five, consisting of Messrs. W. R. Griffith, of
the Pastime; Franklin Owings, of the Chesapeake; J. H. Perkins, of the
Patapsco; Charles Young, of Maryland; and Jesse F. Walton, of the
Associate, was appointed to prepare a constitution and by-laws. The
committee retired, and in a short time returned and reported a
constitution and by-laws for the regulation of the " Maryland State
Base-Ball Convention," in strict accordance with those regulating the
National Convention of Base-Ball Clubs. The constitution and by-laws were
adopted by the Convention, and if literally adhered to, will tend greatly
to elevate the standard of the health-invigorating exercise of base-ball,
both morally and physically.
The Convention then proceeded to elect officers for the ensuing year,
with the following result :
W. R. GRIFFITH, of Baltimore, President.
F. L. GRIFFITH, of Anne Arundel county, let Vice-President.
J. H. REEDY, of Hagerstown, 2d Vice-President.
W. P. VAUGHEN, of Baltimore, Recording Secretary.
GEORGE GRATTON, of Baltimore, Corresponding Secretary.
T. R. BATLEY, of Baltimore, Treasurer.
HON. RICHARD GRASON, of TOWSONTOWN.
J. C. KILLINGSWORTH, Of Frederick. W. R. PRESTMAN, of Baltimore.
L. V. BAUGHMAN, of Frederick. B. TONGUE, of Anne Arundel.
Subsequently, Judge Grason was selected by the committee as its
Chairman, and Mr. L. V. Baughman as Secretary. A resolution was adopted
providing for the printing of the constitution and by-laws, and after the
transaction of some further unimportant business, the Convention adjourned
THE JUNIOR NATIONAL CONVENTION.
THE National Association of Junior Base-Ball players met in room
twenty-four Cooper Institute, on Wednesday evening, November 28, 1866, and
completed the first year of their existence as an organized body.
The meeting was called to order at six o'clock, P. M., butthrough
a misunderstanding, there was not a sufficient number of delegates from
old clubs to constitute a quorum. A recess was taken for half an hour, and
when the Convention assembled there was the full number of old members,
and the meeting proceeded.
Messrs. Fitzgerald and Bennett, President and Vice-President
respectively, resigned their positions; the first, because his club enters
the senior organization; the second for reasons of importance. These
gentlemen would have held office until April next but for their
Officers were elected to fill the positions temporarily. Thirty-seven
new clubs were then admitted, as follows : Mutual, Volant, Adriatic,
Rutger, Pioneer, Agile, Perseverance, Harlem, Washington, Athletic,
Grammercy, Worth, Mystic, Active, and Franklin, of New York.
Union, National, Amity, Eureka, Atlanta, Passaic, Curtin, Star, Mystic,
Amateur, Kearsage,. Excelsior, McClellan, and Monitor, of New Jersey.
This makes a total of seventy clubs in the Convention; two junior clubs
going into the senior convention.
The officers and committees now stand as follows :
H. C. VOGEL, President., Alliance.
E. A. NESTLER, First Vice-President, Monmouth.
T. OSBORN, Second Vice-President, Americus.
O. P. WILSON, Third Vice-President, Active.
F. L. KASCHER, Corresponding Secretary, Pacific.
ROBERT TOWERS, Recording Secretary, Alliance.
A. R. BRASHER, Treasurer, Montague.
A. R. RASHER, Montague; SANGER, Concord; CONLON, Niagara; NESTLER,
Monmouth; DENIKE, Paterson.
This was the most successful meeting yet held by the junior players,
and it is to be hoped that as it now comprises a large majority of the
juniors, it will exert a salutary influence on the junior clubs.
note: The 1867 Beadle's Dime Base Ball Player
concludes on page 2.]]
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