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--Warren Spahn


Chicago White Stockings History

By Patrick Mondout

The White Stocking Base Ball Club of Chicago (or "Chicago White Stockings") were a team that played during the first season of the old National Association (NA).

At a glance...
Club Facts
Established 1870
Disbanded  1871
Located Chicago, IL
Blue cap, white shirt, blue pants, white
stockings, and white buckskin shoes
President: David A. Gage ('70)
Vice President: W. F. Wentworth ('70)
Secretary: W. Lowe
Treasurer: William F. Tucker
Corresponding Secretary: J. W. Bute
Tom Foley
Jimmy Wood ('71)
Year by Year Results
  W L T
'70 Pro  22 7 0
'70 All 65 8 0
  W L %
1871 19 9 .679
NABBP (1870)
National Association (1871)
Nat. Association None
White Stockings of Chicago
Dexter Park (1870)
Union Base Ball Grounds (1871)
Top Performances
Single-Season | Career

The success and fame of the Cincinnati Red Stockings of 1869, baseball's first openly professional team, led to a minor explosion of openly professional teams in 1870, each with the goal of defeating the Red Stockings. Some of the new clubs adopted variants on the name and colors, and it happens that the Chicagos adopted white as their primary color.

The newly formed Chicago club advertised for players in the New York Clipper and managed to compile one of the most formidable band of mercenaries in country.

The club joined the first major league, the National Association, in 1871. The Chicago White Stockings were close contenders all summer, but disaster struck on October 8 when a fire began in Mrs. O'Leary's barn on DeKoven Street on the near south side of the city. The Great Chicago Fire destroyed the club's ballpark, uniforms and other possessions.

The club completed its schedule with borrowed uniforms, finishing second in the N.A. just 2 games behind, but was compelled to drop out of the league during the city's recovery period.

A new team with no connection to the old one (with the exception of also being called the Chicago White Stockings) emerged in 1874. The team is now know as the Chicago Cubs.

Chicago White Stockings Rosters
C Charlie Hodes
P Ed Pinkham
1B Bub McAtee
2B Jimmy Wood
3B Levi Meyerle
SS Ed Duffy
OF Fred Treacey
OF Ned Cuthbert
OF Clipper Flynn
SUB Marshall King
OF Keerle
P Burns
C Charlie Hodes
P George Zettlein
1B Bub McAtee
2B Jimmy Wood
3B Ed Pinkham
SS Ed Duffy
OF Fred Treacey
OF Marshall King
OF Joe Simmons
OF,C Tom Foley
 3B Mike Brannock
Chicago White Stockings  Rosters


National Association sources/bibliography:
Baseball: The Early Years by Harold Seymour.
Baseball Before We Knew It: A Search For The Roots Of The Game by David Block.
Baseball in Blue and Gray: The National Pastime during the Civil War by George B. Kirsch.
Blackguards and Red Stockings by William J. Ryczek
The National Association of Base Ball Players, 1857-1870 by Marshall D. Wright.
Playing for Keeps: A History of Early Baseball by Warren Goldstein.
When Johnny Came Sliding Home: The Post-Civil War Baseball Boom, 1865-1870 by William J. Ryczek

David Nemec, the tireless 19th Century Baseball researcher, has also written a novel called Early Dreams, which takes place during this era and features real-life characters such as Cap Anson, George Wright, and Henry Lucas.

General Baseball History sources/bibliography:
Baseball: A History of America's Game
by Benjamin G. Rader.
Baseball: A Film By Ken Burns (PBS DVD)
The Formation, Sometimes Absorption and Mostly Inevitable Demise of 18 Professional Baseball Organizations, 1871 to Present by David Pietrusza.
The Great 19th Century Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball, 2nd Edition by David Nemec.
Early Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball, 1825-1908 by Dean A. Sullivan.
Middle Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball, 1900-1948 by Dean A. Sullivan.
Late Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball 1945-1972 by Dean A. Sullivan
Past Time: Baseball as History by Jules Tygiel
America's National Game: Historic Facts Concerning the Beginning, Evolution, Development and Popularity of Baseball by Albert Spalding
Total Baseball: The Ultimate Baseball Encyclopedia by John Thorn, et al.


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--Patrick Mondout



The 1871 Chicago White Stockings featuring Jimmy Wood.


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