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Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum

By Wikipedia

McAfee Coliseum is a stadium located in Oakland, California that is used for football and baseball games. Commonly referred to as The Coliseum. Formerly known as, Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, and Network Associates Coliseum.

At a glance...
McAfee Coliseum
Facility statistics
Location 7000 Coliseum Way
Oakland, California 94621
Broke ground 1962
Opened September 18, 1966
Owners City of Oakland and Alameda County
Operator Coliseum, Inc.
Surface Bluegrass
Construction cost $25.5M
$200M (1996 renovations)
Architect Skidmore, Owings & Merrill;
HTNB ('96 renovations)
Former Names
Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum (1966-1998)
Network Associates Coliseum (1998-2004)
Oakland Athletics (MLB, 1968-present)
Oakland Raiders (AFL/NFL, 1966-1981
Oakland Raiders (NFL, 1995-present)
Oakland Invaders (USFL, 1983-1985)
Seating capacity
50,000 (1968), 49,649 (1977), 50,255 (1981),
50,219 (1983), 50,255 (1985), 50,219 (1986),
49,219 (1987), 50,219 (1988), 49,219 (1989),
48,219 (1990), 47,450 (1991), 47,313 (1992)
Football: 63,026
Left Field - 330 ft
Left-Center Power Alleys - 367 ft, 362 ft, 388 ft
Center Field - 400 ft
Right-Center Power Alleys - 367 ft, 362 ft, 388 ft
Right Field - 330 ft
Backstop - 60 ft

In 1966, the city of Oakland constructed Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum (or Oakland Coliseum for short) for two reasons: as a new stadium for the Oakland Raiders and also in an effort to lure MLB baseball to Oakland. In 1968, the Kansas City Athletics became the Oakland Athletics and began play at the new stadium. The Raiders played their first game there on September 18, 1966. The Athletics' first game was played on April 17, 1968. The stadium complex cost $25.5 million to build and rests on 120 acres (0.5 kmē) of land. The Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Complex at one time consisted of the outdoor stadium and the indoor arena.

The outdoor stadium was commonly called "the Coliseum", while the arena was called "The Coliseum arena". More recently, only the stadium is called the Coliseum. The arena is now called Oakland Arena, and is home to the Golden State Warriors basketball team of the NBA. The outdoor stadium features a unique underground design where the playing surface is actually below ground level. Consequently fans entering the stadium find themselves walking on to the main concourse of the stadium at the top of the first level of seats. This combined with the hill that was built around the stadium to created the upper concourse means that only the third deck is the only visible level from outside the park. This gives the Coliseum the illusion of being a short stadium from the outside.

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In its baseball configuration, the Coliseum has more space between the foul lines and the seats, especially near first base and third base, than any other major league ballpark. Thus, many balls that would reach the seats in other ballparks are caught for outs at the Coliseum.

In 1972, the Athletics won their first of three straight World Series championships, and their first since their years in Philadelphia. In 1982, the Oakland Raiders moved to Los Angeles, leaving the A's as the only remaining tenants of Oakland Coliseum. The 1987 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was held at the Coliseum. During 1988-1990 the venue saw three more World Series. In 1989, the Oakland A's won their fourth Series since moving to Oakland, as "Bash Brothers" Jose Canseco and Mark McGwire of the A's defeated the San Francisco Giants in the earthquake-interrupted "Bay Bridge" Series or "BART" Series.

In July 1995, the Los Angeles Raiders agreed to return to Oakland provided that Oakland Coliseum underwent renovations. In November 1995, those renovations commenced and continued through the next summer until the beginning of the 1996 football season. The steeply-pitched stands that now span the outfield (and face the setting sun late in the day during NFL games) acquired the derisive name "Mt. Davis", after the ever-controversial Raiders owner Al Davis, from those who considered the view of the Oakland Hills over the center-field bleachers valuable. The new layout also had the somewhat peculiar effect of creating an inward jog in the outfield fence, in left-center and right-center. There are now three distance markers instead of one, at various points of the power alleys, as indicated in the dimensions grid. The Raiders return also heralded the creation of the Black Hole, a prolific and highly recognizable group of fans who occupy the Raider's endzone seating during football games.

Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum!

The Oakland Athletics host the Seattle Mariners at Network Associates Coliseum on July 2, 2003. The Mariners won 13-0.

Photo by Minesweeper and released under terms of the GNU FDL.

Along with the since-demolished Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium the Coliseum features the unusual configuration of laying the football field on a line from first to third base rather than laying it from home plate to center field, or parallel to one of the foul lines, as with most multi-purpose facilities. Thus, a seat behind home plate for baseball is behind the 50-yard line for football. The Coliseum has the distinction of being the last multipurpose venue in the United States that hosts both Major League baseball and an NFL team. (Note: Although the Metrodome and Dolphins Stadium host both, these facilities were designed as football stadiums that can adjust to host baseball.)

04/17/1968 Orioles 4, Athletics 1
Umpires Emmett Ashford, Frank Umont
  Bill Valentine, Jim Honochick
Managers Bob Kennedy, Athletics
  Hank Bauer, Orioles
Starting Pitchers Lew Krausse, Athletcs
  Dave McNally, Orioles
Ceremonial Pitch California Governor Reagan
Attendance 50,164
Batter Curt Blefary (walk)
Hit Boog Powell (home run)
Run Boog Powell
RBI Boog Powell
Single Dave Johnson
Double Curt Blefary
Triple Frank Coggins (04/19/1968)
Home Run Boog Powell
Grand Slam Sal Bando (04/16/1969)
IPHR Reggie Jackson (06/02/1968)
Stolen Base Dave May (04/18/1968)
Sacrifice Hit Dave Johnson (04/18/1968)
Sacrifice Fly John Donaldson (04/18/1968)
Cycle Eric Chavez (06/21/2000)
Win Dave McNally
Loss Lew Krausse
Shutout Joe Coleman (04/19/1968)
Save Dave Baldwin (04/20/1968)
Hit by Pitch Jim Hardin hit Bert
Campaneris (04/18/1968)
Wild Pitch Chuck Dobson (04/18/1968)
Balk Jim Hardin (04/18/1968)
No-Hitter Catfish Hunter (05/08/1968)
Perfect Game Catfish Hunter (05/08/1968)
Primary research by Jim Herdman & David Vincent
Courtesy of Retrosheet

Naming Rights

In September 1997, UMAX Technologies agreed to acquire the naming rights to the stadium. However, following a dispute, a court decision reinstated the Oakland Coliseum name. In 1998, Network Associates agreed to pay $5.8 million over five years for the naming rights and the stadium became known as "Network Associates Coliseum," or sometimes, simply, "the Net".

In 2003, Network Associates renewed the contract for an additional five years at a cost of $6 million. In mid-2004, the Network Associates company was renamed McAfee, and shortly after that, the stadium was renamed McAfee Coliseum accordingly.

Despite the different name changes, locals generally refer to the stadium as "The Coliseum". This fits the trend of older stadium renamings being rejected by the general public. This is especially true in the Bay Area where changes to the name of nearby Candlestick Park have been wholly rejected by voters, and changes to the names of both Pacific Bell Park and the San Jose Arena were received with much negative criticism.

New A's Stadium Plans

On August 12, 2005, the A's new owner Lewis Wolff proposed to the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Authority the Athletics first official plan for a new ballparkin Oakland. The new stadium would be located across 66th Avenue from the Coliseum in what is currently an industrial area north of the Coliseum. The park would hold 35,000 fans making it the second smallest park in the major leagues.

The Oakland Raiders would continue to play football in the Coliseum until Al Davis figures out how to move back to Los Angeles.

Related Books on Ballparks
The Ballpark Book: A Journey Through the Fields of Baseball Magic by Ron Smith and Kevin Belford.
Ballpark: The Story of America's Baseball Fields by Lynn Curlee
Ballparks: A Panoramic History by Marc Sandalow and Jim Sutton.
Ballparks by Robert Von Goeben and Red Howard.
Ballparks: Then & Now by Eric Enders.
Baseball Vacations: Great Family Trips to Minor League and Classic Major League Ballbarks Across America by Bruce Adams and Margaret Engel.
Blue Skies, Green Fields: A Celebration of 50 Major League Baseball Stadiums by Ira Rosen.
Diamonds: The Evolution of the Ballpark by Michael Gershman.
Fields of Dreams: A Guide to Visiting and Enjoying All 30 Major League Ballparks by Jay Ahuja
Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebration of All Major League and Negro League Ballparks by Philip J. Lowry.
Joe Mock's Ballpark Guide by Joe Mock.
Lost Ballparks: A Celebration of Baseball's Legendary Fields by Lawrence S. Ritter.
Roadside Baseball: A Guide to Baseball Shrines Across America by Chris Epting.
Take Me Out to the Ballpark: An Illustrated Tour of Baseball Parks Past and Present by Josh Leventhal and Jessica Macmurray.
The Ultimate Baseball Road-Trip: A Fan's Guide to Major League Stadiums by Joshua Pahigian and Kevin O'Connell.
Video: Story of America's Classic Ballparks
Video: Baseball: A Film by Ken Burns

Economics of Stadiums
City Baseball Magic: Plain Talk and Uncommon Sense about Cities and Baseball Parks by Philip Bess.
Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit by Joanna Cagan and Neil deMause.
Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle over Building Sports Stadiums by Kevin J. Delaney and Rick Eckstein.
Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums by Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist.

General Stadium Reference:
Sports Staff of USA Today. The Complete 4 Sport Stadium Guide. Fodor's, 1996.

Stadium Design and Financing References:
Philip Bess. City Baseball Magic: Plain Talk and Uncommon Sense about Cities and Baseball Parks. Knothole Press, 1999.
Joanna Cagan and Neil deMause. Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit. Common Courage Press, 1998.
Mark S. Rosentraub. Major League Losers: The Real Cost of Sports and Who's Paying for It. HarperCollins, 1997.
Kevin J. Delaney, Rick Eckstein. Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle over Building Sports Stadiums. Rutgers University Press, 2004.
Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist. Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums. Brookings Institution, 1997.
Dean V. Baim. The Sports Stadium as a Municipal Investment. Greenwood Publishing, 1994.
Stadia: A Design and Development Guide by Geraint John and Rod Sheard. Architectural Press, 2000.
Michelle Provoost, Matthjis Bouw and Camiel Van Winkel. The Stadium: Architecture of Mass Sport. NAI Publishers, 2000.

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Oakland Alameda County Coliseum as seen from a satellite!

USGS Photo

Year by Year statistics: for Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from this Wikipedia article, which is probably more up to date than ours (retrieved August 12, 2005).

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