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Camden Yards

By Wikipedia

Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a Major League Baseball stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland, which was constructed to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. It is home to the Baltimore Orioles baseball team.

At a glance...
CAMDEN YARDS
Facility statistics
Location 333 West Camden Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Broke ground June 28, 1989
Opened April 6, 1992
Replaced Memorial Stadium
Owner Maryland Stadium Authority
Surface Maryland Bluegrass
Construction cost $110M
Architect HOK Sport
Tenants
Baltimore Orioles (1992-present)
Seating capacity
48,262 (1992)
Dimensions
Left Field - 333 ft
Left-Center - 364 ft
Left-Center (deep) - 410 ft
Center Field - 400 ft
Right-Center - 373 ft
Right Field - 318 ft
Backstop - 57 ft
Fences: 25 ft in Right Field, 7 ft elsewhere

Historically, Oriole Park at Camden Yards is one of several stadiums that has carried the Oriole Park name, for various Baltimore franchises over the years.

History

In 1989, construction began on an all-new, baseball-only ballpark for the Baltimore Orioles. Construction lasted 33 months on the ballpark, which finally opened on April 6, 1992 against the Cleveland Indians. After considerable debate on whether to name the new ballpark Oriole Park or Camden Yards—former Orioles owner Eli Jacobs favored "Oriole Park" while former Maryland Governor William Donald Schaefer favored "Camden Yards"—a compromise was reached to use both names.

The retro-style ballpark began a trend among other cities to construct more traditional, fan-friendly ballparks, including Jacobs Field in Cleveland, Ameriquest Field in Arlington, Texas and Comerica Park in Detroit.

Fly to Oriole Park at Camden Yards!
If you have Google Earth installed, click here to be "flown" to the site of Camden Yards. (If you do not have it installed, get it from Google. It allows you to view virtually anywhere on Earth in 3D using satellite imagery.)


In 1993, Camden Yards played host to the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. In June 1994, nearly 50 fans were injured in an escalator accident; one of the stadium's multiple-story escalators, overcrowded with exiting fans, jerked forward, throwing people to the bottom landing. On September 6, 1995, Camden Yards witnessed Cal Ripken, Jr.'s record-setting 2,131st consecutive game. (The layout of the playing field was, in fact, somewhat designed to match Ripken's hitting style). Exactly one year later, Eddie Murray blasted his 500th home run there.

Camden Yards is built at the former location of a major rail station; its name derives from the rail yards that were formerly on the site. The view from much of the park is dominated by the former B&O warehouse behind the right-field wall. Immediately adjacent to the current stadium is a rail station served by both the MTA light rail and MARC commuter rail. The latter rail line provides direct service to Washington, D.C., the former to BWI Airport.

The stadium is located in downtown Baltimore, near the Inner Harbor. The ballpark, along with M&T Bank Stadium (formerly Ravens Stadium and PSINet Stadium), home of the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League, make up the Camden Yards Sports Complex (the football stadium wasn't built until 1998). Camden Yards is just a short walk from the birthplace of Babe Ruth, which is now a museum. Ironically, his father's pub is where center field is located on the playing field.

In May 2005, a Maryland sports museum opened just beyond the stadium's centerfield gate.

Camden Yards!

Oriole Park at Camden Yards, with MARC/Light Rail station in the foreground.

Photo by JFruh


FIRSTS at CAMDEN YARDS
Game
04/06/1992 Indians 0, Orioles 2
Umpires Larry Barnett, Greg Kosc
  Dale Ford, Al Clark
Managers Johnny Oates, Orioles
  Mike Hargrove, Indians
Starting Pitchers Rick Sutcliffe, Orioles
  Charles Nagy, Indians
Ceremonial Pitch President George Bush Sr.
Attendance 44,568
Batting
Batter Kenny Lofton (fly out)
Hit Paul Sorrento (single)
Run Sam Horn
RBI Chris Hoiles
Single Paul Sorrento
Double Chris Hoiles
Triple Cal Ripken (04/17/1992)
Home Run Paul Sorrento (04/08/1992)
Grand Slam Randy Milligan (04/17/1992)
IPHR Butch Davis (08/22/1993)
Stolen Base Mark Lewis (04/09/1992)
Sacrifice Hit Billy Ripken
Sacrifice Fly Cal Ripken (04/19/1992)
Cycle (None)
Pitching
Win Rick Sutcliffe
Loss Charles Nagy
Shutout Rick Sutcliffe
Save Gregg Olson (04/19/1992)
Hit by Pitch Dave Otto hit Randy
Milligan (04/08/1992)
Wild Pitch Dave Otto (04/08/1992)
Balk Gene Harris (05/01/1992)
No-Hitter Hideo Nomo (04/04/2001)
Primary research by Jim Herdman & David Vincent
Courtesy of Retrosheet
.

Trivia

  • Major League II, a movie about the Cleveland Indians, was actually filmed at Camden Yards while Jacobs Field was under construction. The recognizable B&O warehouse can be seen in many scenes in the movie, and immediately gives away the real filming location.
  • The movie Dave features a scene with the President of the United States, played by Kevin Kline, throwing out the first pitch at Camden Yards. That scene was filmed in front of an actual capacity crowd at the ballpark, prior to a regular-season game.
  • During the planning of Camden Yards, Hall of Fame outfielder Frank Robinson (now manager of the Washington Nationals), who was then an Orioles executive and their manager from 1988-1991, attempted to convince the Orioles to install a terraced outfield similar to the infamous left field incline at Crosley Field, ballpark of the Cincinnati Reds until 1970. Robinson, a member of the Reds from 1956-1965, liked the terrace. The Orioles declined to build the terrace. However, the Houston Astros' park, Minute Maid Park (formerly Enron Field), features an incline in center field area called Tal's Hill. However, at 30 degrees, it is twice as steep as Crosley Field's 15-degree incline.

Books Related to Camden Yards:
Ballpark: Camden Yards and the Building of an American Dream by Peter Richmond.
Home of the Game: The Story of Camden Yards by Thom Loverro.

Related Books on Ballparks
The Ballpark Book: A Journey Through the Fields of Baseball Magic by Ron Smith and Kevin Belford.
Ballpark: The Story of America's Baseball Fields by Lynn Curlee
Ballparks: A Panoramic History by Marc Sandalow and Jim Sutton.
Ballparks by Robert Von Goeben and Red Howard.
Ballparks: Then & Now by Eric Enders.
Baseball Vacations: Great Family Trips to Minor League and Classic Major League Ballbarks Across America by Bruce Adams and Margaret Engel.
Blue Skies, Green Fields: A Celebration of 50 Major League Baseball Stadiums by Ira Rosen.
Diamonds: The Evolution of the Ballpark by Michael Gershman.
Fields of Dreams: A Guide to Visiting and Enjoying All 30 Major League Ballparks by Jay Ahuja
Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebration of All Major League and Negro League Ballparks by Philip J. Lowry.
Joe Mock's Ballpark Guide by Joe Mock.
Lost Ballparks: A Celebration of Baseball's Legendary Fields by Lawrence S. Ritter.
Roadside Baseball: A Guide to Baseball Shrines Across America by Chris Epting.
Take Me Out to the Ballpark: An Illustrated Tour of Baseball Parks Past and Present by Josh Leventhal and Jessica Macmurray.
The Ultimate Baseball Road-Trip: A Fan's Guide to Major League Stadiums by Joshua Pahigian and Kevin O'Connell.
Video: Story of America's Classic Ballparks
Video: Baseball: A Film by Ken Burns

Economics of Stadiums
:
City Baseball Magic: Plain Talk and Uncommon Sense about Cities and Baseball Parks by Philip Bess.
Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit by Joanna Cagan and Neil deMause.
Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle over Building Sports Stadiums by Kevin J. Delaney and Rick Eckstein.
Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums by Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist.

General Stadium Reference:
Sports Staff of USA Today. The Complete 4 Sport Stadium Guide. Fodor's, 1996.

Stadium Design and Financing References:
Philip Bess. City Baseball Magic: Plain Talk and Uncommon Sense about Cities and Baseball Parks. Knothole Press, 1999.
Joanna Cagan and Neil deMause. Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit. Common Courage Press, 1998.
Mark S. Rosentraub. Major League Losers: The Real Cost of Sports and Who's Paying for It. HarperCollins, 1997.
Kevin J. Delaney, Rick Eckstein. Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle over Building Sports Stadiums. Rutgers University Press, 2004.
Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist. Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums. Brookings Institution, 1997.
Dean V. Baim. The Sports Stadium as a Municipal Investment. Greenwood Publishing, 1994.
Stadia: A Design and Development Guide by Geraint John and Rod Sheard. Architectural Press, 2000.
Michelle Provoost, Matthjis Bouw and Camiel Van Winkel. The Stadium: Architecture of Mass Sport. NAI Publishers, 2000.


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ORIOLE PARK

The first of the retro parks, Oriole Park at Camden Yards.

Photo courtesy Maryland Department of Tourism.

Year by Year statistics: for Camden Yards


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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from this Wikipedia article, which is probably more up to date than ours (retrieved August 12, 2005).

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