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Jacobs Field

By Wikipedia

Jacobs Field is a baseball stadium located in the middle of downtown Cleveland, Ohio. Part of the Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex, along with Gund Arena, it was built as a baseball replacement for Cleveland Municipal Stadium for the Cleveland Indians.

At a glance...
JACOBS FIELD
Facility statistics
Location 2401 Ontario Street
Cleveland, Ohio 42865
Broke ground January 1992
Opened April 4, 1994
Replaced Cleveland Municipal Stadium
Owner Cuyahoga, County
Operator Gateway Economic
Development Corp
Surface Kentucky Bluegrass
Construction cost $175M
Architect HOK Sport
Tenants
Cleveland Indians (1994-present)
Seating capacity
43,345 (1994)
Dimensions
Left Field - 325 ft (99 m)
Left-Center - 370 ft (113 m)
Center Field - 405 ft (123.5 m)
Right-Center - 375 ft (114 m)
Right Field - 325 ft (99 m)

Fence Height:
Left Field - 19 ft (6 m)
Center and Right Fields - 8 feet (2.5 m)

History

Jacobs Field is one of the contributing factors to the revitalization of downtown Cleveland. Opening in 1994, it replaced Cleveland Stadium, which the Indians shared with the NFL's Cleveland Browns, and which for the Tribe had become the archetype of the adjective "cavernous."

In May 1990, city voters approved a 15-year sin tax on alcohol and cigarette sales in order to finance the new sports complex. In June of 1992, the ceremonial first pitch was thrown at the site of the new Jacobs Field before construction of the building began.

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If you have Google Earth installed, click here to be "flown" to the site of Jacobs Field. (If you do not have it installed, get it from Google. It allows you to view virtually anywhere on Earth in 3D using satellite imagery.)


Finally, on April 4, 1994, the Cleveland Indians played their first baseball game at Jacobs Field against the Seattle Mariners.

In 1995, Jacobs Field hosted its first World Series, where the Cleveland Indians lost to the Atlanta Braves. In 1997, Jacobs Field was the site of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game and the host of the 1997 World Series where the Cleveland Indians lost to the Florida Marlins.

Prior to the start of the 1997 season, Jacobs Field had a slight addition as two sections of seating were added onto the ends of the bleacher section, increasing the capacity by about 1,000 to its current 43,345.

The Indians' move to "The Jake" coincided with the coming of age of an outstanding young team, and the Indians soon became the hottest ticket in Cleveland. The ballpark set a major league record between 1995 and early 2001 by selling out 455 straight games. Demand for tickets was so great that they sold out all 81 home games before opening day on three separate occasions. The Indians "retired" the number 455 in honor of this outstanding record.

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FIRSTS at JACOBS FIELD
Game
04/04/1994 Mariners 3, Indians 4 (11 innings)
Umpires Larry Barnett, Greg Kosc
  Al Clark, Dan Morrison
Managers Mike Hargrove, Indians
  Lou Piniella, Mariners
Starting Pitchers Dennis Martinez, Indians
  Randy Johnson, Mariners
Ceremonial Pitch President Bill Clinton
Attendance 41,459
Batting
Batter Rich Amaral (ground out)
Hit Eric Anthony (home run)
Run Edgar Martinez
RBI Eric Anthony
Single Mike Blowers
Double Manny Ramirez
Triple Ken Griffey, Jr. (04/07/1994)
Home Run Eric Anthony
Grand Slam Paul Sorrento (05/09/1995)
IPHR David Bell (04/15/1998)
Stolen Base Omar Vizquel (04/07/1994)
Sacrifice Hit Dan Wilson
Sacrifice Fly Eric Anthony
Cycle (None)
Pitching
Win Eric Plunk
Loss Kevin King
Shutout Mark Clark (05/13/1994)
Save Hipolito Pichardo (04/15/1994)
Hit by Pitch Dennis Martinez hit Edgar Martinez
Wild Pitch Randy Johnson
Balk John Briscoe (05/27/1994)
No-hitter (None)
Primary research by Jim Herdman & David Vincent
Courtesy of Retrosheet
.

In 2004, Jacobs Field was modernized with the installation of the largest video display in the world at a sports venue, built by Daktronics of South Dakota.

Related Books on Ballparks
The Ballpark Book: A Journey Through the Fields of Baseball Magic by Ron Smith and Kevin Belford.
Ballpark: The Story of America's Baseball Fields by Lynn Curlee
Ballparks: A Panoramic History by Marc Sandalow and Jim Sutton.
Ballparks by Robert Von Goeben and Red Howard.
Ballparks: Then & Now by Eric Enders.
Baseball Vacations: Great Family Trips to Minor League and Classic Major League Ballbarks Across America by Bruce Adams and Margaret Engel.
Blue Skies, Green Fields: A Celebration of 50 Major League Baseball Stadiums by Ira Rosen.
Diamonds: The Evolution of the Ballpark by Michael Gershman.
Fields of Dreams: A Guide to Visiting and Enjoying All 30 Major League Ballparks by Jay Ahuja
Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebration of All Major League and Negro League Ballparks by Philip J. Lowry.
Joe Mock's Ballpark Guide by Joe Mock.
Lost Ballparks: A Celebration of Baseball's Legendary Fields by Lawrence S. Ritter.
Roadside Baseball: A Guide to Baseball Shrines Across America by Chris Epting.
Take Me Out to the Ballpark: An Illustrated Tour of Baseball Parks Past and Present by Josh Leventhal and Jessica Macmurray.
The Ultimate Baseball Road-Trip: A Fan's Guide to Major League Stadiums by Joshua Pahigian and Kevin O'Connell.
Video: Story of America's Classic Ballparks
Video: Baseball: A Film by Ken Burns

Economics of Stadiums
:
City Baseball Magic: Plain Talk and Uncommon Sense about Cities and Baseball Parks by Philip Bess.
Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit by Joanna Cagan and Neil deMause.
Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle over Building Sports Stadiums by Kevin J. Delaney and Rick Eckstein.
Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums by Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist.

General Stadium Reference:
Sports Staff of USA Today. The Complete 4 Sport Stadium Guide. Fodor's, 1996.

Stadium Design and Financing References:
Philip Bess. City Baseball Magic: Plain Talk and Uncommon Sense about Cities and Baseball Parks. Knothole Press, 1999.
Joanna Cagan and Neil deMause. Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit. Common Courage Press, 1998.
Mark S. Rosentraub. Major League Losers: The Real Cost of Sports and Who's Paying for It. HarperCollins, 1997.
Kevin J. Delaney, Rick Eckstein. Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle over Building Sports Stadiums. Rutgers University Press, 2004.
Roger G. Noll and Andrew Zimbalist. Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums. Brookings Institution, 1997.
Dean V. Baim. The Sports Stadium as a Municipal Investment. Greenwood Publishing, 1994.
Stadia: A Design and Development Guide by Geraint John and Rod Sheard. Architectural Press, 2000.
Michelle Provoost, Matthjis Bouw and Camiel Van Winkel. The Stadium: Architecture of Mass Sport. NAI Publishers, 2000.


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THE JAKE

Jacobs Field from space!

USGS Photo

Year by Year statistics: for Jacobs Field


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It uses material from this Wikipedia article, which is probably more up to date than ours (retrieved August 12, 2005).

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