The American Association (AA) was a professional major
baseball league from 1882 to 1891.
Wheeler C. Wyckoff 1886-1889
Zach Phelps 1890
Louis Kramer 1891
Ed Renau 1891
Zach Phelps 1891
Cincinnati Red Stockings (1882-1889)
Eclipse of Louisville (1882-1883)
Philadelphia Athletics (1882-1891)
Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1882-1887)
St. Louis Brown Stockings (1882-1891)
Louisville Colonels (1883-1891)
Columbus Buckeyes (1883-1884)
New York Metropolitans (1883-1887)
Brooklyn Bridegrooms (1884-1889)
Indianapolis Hoosiers (1884)
Richmond Virginians (1884)
Toledo Blue Stockings (1884)
Washington Statesmen (1884)
Washington Statesmen (1891)
Cleveland Spiders (1887-1888)
Kansas City Cowboys (1888-1889)
Columbus Solons (1889-1891)
Brooklyn Gladiators (1890)
Rochester Broncos (1890)
Syracuse Stars (1890)
Toledo Maumees (1890)
Boston Reds (1891)
Cincinnati Porkers (1891)
Milwaukee Brewers (1891)
The "AA" offered cheaper ticket prices and more liberal
libations to its patrons, and became known as "The Beer and
Whiskey League", especially by supporters of the National League.
This nickname is ironic in view of the fact that "AA" is now
most commonly used to mean Alcoholics Anonymous.
See also: National League,
1882 Attendance, Other
Together with the National League, the
American Association participated in an early version of the World
Series seven times during their ten-year coexistence.
The National League won most of those encounters, while some ended in
ties due to disputes or other issues. The only victory for the American
Association came in 1886 when
the St. Louis
Browns (now Cardinals) defeated the Chicago
White Stockings (now Cubs).
Over that decade, the AA was weakened by several factors. One was the
tendency of some of its teams to jump to the NL. In 1887 the Pittsburgh
Alleghenys left to join the NL and the Cleveland Spiders joined them two
The consistently stronger NL also put it in better position to survive
adverse conditions. The most significant blow to the AA was dealt by the Players'
League, a third major league in 1890,
which siphoned off talent and gate receipts. That was also the year that
the Cincinnati Red Stockings and Brooklyn Bridegrooms left for the
In a unique historical oddity, Brooklyn played in the World Series with
the AA in 1889, and with the
NL in 1890. That final Series ended in a draw, left unresolved due to
growing animosity between the leagues.
Following the 1891 season, the AA disbanded and the Baltimore Orioles,
Louisville Colonels, St. Louis Browns, and Washington Senators joined the
The living legacy of the old Association is the teams that came over to
the National League to stay, the teams now known as the Pittsburgh
Angeles Dodgers and St.
American Association sources/bibliography:
The Beer and Whisky League: The Illustrated History of the American AssociationóBaseball's
Renegade Major League by David Nemec
Formation, Sometimes Absorption and Mostly Inevitable Demise of 18 Professional
Baseball Organizations, 1871 to Present by David Pietrusza.
the Best Team Win: Baseball Economics and Public Policy by Andrew Zimbalist.
Baseball: The Ultimate Baseball Encyclopedia by John Thorn, et al.